Business Opportunities in Agriculture: 150 Field Interviews (Book)

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The Importance of Neem

Neem (Azadirachta indica) is a tree in the mahogany family Meliaceae. It is one of two species in the genus Azadirachta, and is native to Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, and Pakistan growing in tropical and semi-tropical regions

It was found out that in the jaipur & near by region many farmers were turning away from their traditional mode of agriculture to modern farming systems using many pesticides & chemicals. As a result, the soil lost its fertility and led to massive unemployment and migration to other states.

Clearly there is an urgent need for ecological cultivation with best products.

Neem has been universally accepted as a “WONDER TREE” Tree of 21st century

In India, the tree is variously known as "Divine Tree", "Nature's Drugstore"and "Panacea for all diseases". Products made from neem have proven medicinal properties, being anthelmintic, antifungal, antidiabetic, antibacterial, antiviral, anti-infertility, and sedative. It is considered a major component in Ayurvedic medicine and is particularly prescribed for skin disease.
• Neem twigs are used for brushing teeth in India, Bangladesh, Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. This practice is perhaps one of the most effective early forms of dental care.
• All parts of the tree (seeds, leaves, flowers and bark) are used for preparing many different medical preparations.
• Neem oil is used for preparing cosmetics (soap, shampoo, balms and creams), and is useful for skin care such as acne treatment, and keeping skin elasticity.
• Practictioners of traditional Indian medicine recommend that patients suffering from Chicken Pox sleep on neem leaves.
• Aqueous extracts of neem leaves have demonstrated significant antidiabetic potential.
Soil type, Climate & agronomic techniques
The neem is a tree noted for its drought resistance. Normally it thrives in areas with sub-arid to sub-humid conditions, with an annual rainfall between 400 and 1200 mm. Neem can grow in many different types of soil, but it thrives best on well drained deep and sandy soils (pH 6.2-7.0). It can tolerate high to very high temperatures. It does not tolerate temperature below 4 °C (leaf shedding and death may ensue).

Besides,neem tree is of great importance for its anti-desertification properties and possibly as a good carbon dioxide sink

About Organization
Hahnemann charitable mission society, an ISO certified NGO, established in the year 1996 is working in the area of commercialization of medicinal plants & assisting farmers in cultivating such plants so that farmers get financial freedom. HCMS is promoting Neem cultivation all over India. HCMS has well qualified & experienced technical staff for farming, setting up & monitoring Neem Cultivation. The organization has employed technical advisers, Agronomists & field officers for the purpose.

HCMS has benefited 10 farmers at lavan village, Bassi Area under project of “Promotion of Neem-based Pesticides as Environment Friendly, Biodegradable Alternatives to Chemical Pesticides",

HCMS is promoting various neem based products to various agri based Indian as well Foreign companies. The products are:
 Neem manure
 Neem Pesticide
 Neem Seeds
 Neem Plants
 Neem Oil
 Neem Oil Cake

Neem Manure
Manure is any animal or plant material used to fertilize land especially animal excreta for improving the soil fertility and thus promoting plant growth. Neem manure is gaining popularity because it is environmental friendly and also the compounds found in it, help to increase the nitrogen and phosphorous content in the soil. It is rich in sulphur, potassium, calcium and nitrogen etc.

Usage of Neem Manure
It can be used directly by mixing with the soil or it can be blended with urea and other organic manure like farm yard manure and sea weed for best results.

Benefits of Neem Manure
• Bio Degradable and Eco friendly.
• Nourishes the soil and plants by providing all the macro and micro nutrients.
• Helps to eliminate bacteria responsible for denitrifying the soil.
• Ideal for cash crops and food crops.
• Increases the yield of crops.
• Helps to reduce the usage of fertilizer, thus reducing the cost of growing plants.
• Antifeedant properties helps to reduce the number and growth of insects and pests

Neem Pesticide
There has been an evident shift all over the world from synthetic pesticides to non-synthetic ones; this is largely because of the wide spread awareness of the side effects of these synthetic pesticides on not only plants and soil but also other living organisms. This is a great opportunity for neem pesticides manufacturers to cash on the growing popularity of natural or herbal pesticides. Neem pesticide are being manufactured and exported to

Parts of Neem used for Manufacturing Pesticides
Neem oil and seed extracts are known to possess germicidal and anti bacterial properties which are useful to protect the plants from different kinds of pests. One of the most important advantage of neem based pesticides which differs it from its synthetic counterparts is the fact that it does not leave any residue on the plants.

Benefits of Neem Pesticides
• It also helps to nourish and condition the soil.
• It is environmental friendly.
• It is non toxic.
• Can be used in combination with other pesticide and oil for more effectiveness.
• Instead of killing pest, it affects the life cycle of the pests.
• Anti feedant properties found in neem compounds helps to protect the plants.
• Pests generally do not develop a resistance to neem based pesticides.
• Neem pesticides are generally water soluble and help in the growth of the plants.
• Acts as pest repellent.
• Acts as pest reproduction controller.

Neem Seed Cake
Neem cake is the residue left after oil has been pressed from neem seeds. It is used as an organic manure resulting in high yield of cops and plants.

Chemical Composition of Neem Seed Cake
• Azadirachtin
• Nitrogen
• Phosphorus
• Potassium
• Carbon
• Sulphur
• Calcium
• Magnesium
Benefits of Neem Seed Cake
• Pest Repellent
• Organic Fertilizer

Forms of Neem Cake
• Neem Cake Granules
• Neem Cake Powder
• Neem Cake Manure
• Neem Cake Bio Mix
• Neem Cake Fertilizer

Neem Oil
Neem tree is being grown on a commercial basis in US and other countries such as India, Burma and Australia for use in various industries like agriculture and cosmetic etc. Neem oil and its extracts are one of the most useful by products of the magical tree. Neem seed oil is the most effective and is widely used for a large number of applications.

Components of Neem Oil
• Linoleic Acid - 2.1%
• Various Lower Fatty Acids - 2.3%
• Palmitic Acid - 12.6%
• Stearic Acid - 21.4%
• Oleic Acid - 52.8%
The percentage may vary from tree to tree depending on the method of processing and place of processing

Uses of Neem Oil in Various Industries
• Cosmetic Industry : Neem bark, seed and leaf oil is being increasingly used in manufacturing a large number of skin products, body lotions, beauty care facial packs in combination with other natural ingredients. The herbal cosmetic industry is in the boom stage, this is an open invitation for the neem oil manufacturers to produce high quality neem oil for use in the cosmetic industry, all around the globe.
• Agricultural Industry : The principle ingredient in Azadirachtin found naturally in neem seed oil is being used the world over for manufacturing :
o Natural Pesticide
o Natural Insecticide
o Natural Fungicide
• Herbal Medicine Industry : Neem seed, leaf and bark oil is used to manufacture herbal medicines. It can be used as raw neem oil, oil extract to be used in wide medicinal applications.

Business Opportunities in Agriculture: 150 Field Interviews (Book)

Business Opportunities in Agriculture: 150 Field Interviews (Book)