Article about Organic Farming - Part 13

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(c) water. For optimum availability of all the essential nutrients, the fertility of the soil is very important. A good fertile soil maintains its fertility structure, only when the mineral part and the composted part of the soil are equal by volume. In Prayog Parivar’s term such soils are called nursery soils. Thus in one cubic foot of nursery soil one half cubic foot soil will be of mineral part and the other one half of the well composted part of dead organic matter. Decomposition of dead organic matter first into compost and then finally into mineral matter and gases is the last part of the food chain of our ecosystem.

(a) Among the aerial components, although one need not worry about carbon dioxide and oxygen, supply of nitrogen is partly ensured by good population of nitrogen fixing bacterial in fertile soil and partly is obtained from decomposition of degrading organic matter.

(b) Entire quantity of mineral elements, need to come from soil reserve. Due care is needed to keep a balance in demand and supply of these nutrients by recycling partly the same crop residue and if needed from neighourhood resources. Most of the nutrients absorbed by the plants are conserved in their leaves and twigs and only a small fraction goes in fruits and grains. To maintain the balance, the entire quantity of leaf and twigs etc. need to be recycled back and to compensate the loss of a small fraction of nutrients taken away in fruits and grains need to be compensated by small biomass /compost from other sources such as animal dung etc.

(c) The water cycle is the cycle run by the nature, bringing water from the oceans to the lands and the mineral contents from the lands to the oceans. The evaporation of one litre of sea water requires 600 K cal of sun energy. The clouds so generated are transported to the lands by strong winds which eventually come down as rain. All life cycle on land depends on the supply of rain water and the life cycles in the oceans depend on the supply of nutrients carried through the water returning back to the seas or oceans. The Natueco culture cautions that in bringing one litre of rain water about 600 – 800 K cal of sun energy is involved, therefore we should not allow this precious water to be wasted as run-off, before it is fully utilized to optimize biomass production at every place. As per Prayog Parivar’s estimate, the water required for producing one Kg biomass (on dry wt basis) is about 6000 gms. Only this much water is used in the production of 1 Kg carbohydrates. The remaining quantity of water supplied to the plant is used only temporarily and released in the environment, creating micro-climate of moisture conditions, favourable for its growth, as well as for the growth of the ecosystem.

d) Energy Pool and Energy Chain
The Nature’s food chain starts with synthesis of carbohydrates in green plants, runs through various macro and micro consumers and ultimately ends into brown mass of decomposed organic matter, before releasing its mineral elements in air and soil. Although, this process is a natural process and runs without the involvement of human but man has accelerated the process to his advantage by bringing more land under cultivation, by using tools and the energy of drought animals. The use of animals in this sun harvesting is very important and must be exploited to its best, otherwise, it will be just wasted.
The use of man-made energy tools might have accelerated the process, but has rendered the animal energy useless which is going waste. In Prayog Parivar’s vision all natural aspects, which can be incorporated in accelerating the biomass production need to be exploited to its optimum to harvest maximum richness of the nature.

Natuco summary

Prayog Parivar members conceived, practiced and mastered this new concept of Natueco culture. In their words while natural farming is done by trusting the nature, Natueco culture is done through understanding nature more & more. In this understanding harvesting of sun energy was given the prime importance, coupled with nursery soil build up through whole plant use. In this culture, if appropriate planning is done, then one family of five members can meet its entire requirements from just 10 gunthas of land (1000 m2). But for this one need to understand the Prayog Parivar's vision, his own initiatives, continuous innovations with latest scientific knowledge and once it is accomplished, this cultures promises "Plenty for All.

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Annexure-I

Accredited Certification Agencies for Organic Products
1 M/S BUREAU VARITAS CERTIFICATION INDIA PVT. LTD.
2 M/S APOF ORGANIC CERTIFICATION AGENCY (AOCA)
3 M/S LACON QUALITY CERTIFICATION PVT. LTD. (LACON), THIRUVALLA, KERALA
4 M/S NATURAL ORGANIC CERTIFICAION ASSOCIATION (NOCA), PUNE
5 M/S ONECERT ASIA AGRI CERTIFICATION PVT. LIMITED
6 M/S SGS INDIA PVT LTD, GURGAON
7 M/S CONTROL UNION CERTIFICATION
8 M/S IMO CONTROL PRIVATE LIMITED
9 M/S UTTARANCHAL STATE ORGANIC CERTIFICATION AGENCY, DEHRADUN
10 M/S ECOCERT INDIA PVT. LTD. AURANGABAD, MAHARSHTRA
11 M/S INDOCERT, COCHIN
12 M/S ISCOP
13 M/S FOODCERT INDIA PVT. LTD.
14 VEDIC ORGANIC CERTIFICATION AGENCY, HYDERABAD.
15 RAJASTHAN ORGANIC CERTIFICATION AGENCY (ROCA)
16 ADITI ORGANIC CERTIFICATIONS PVT. LTD., BANGALORE

Source: APEDA. Details available on APEDA web site.

Technical Brochure on

Organic Farming System - An Integrated Approach for Adoption under National Horticulture Mission National Horticulture Mission Department of Agriculture and Cooperation Ministry of Agriculture, New Delhi

The series of Articles ends here.

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