Article about Organic Farming - Part 12


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Implementing Natueco Principle with Prayog Parivar Methodology

a) Soil Management - The first step of Natueco Farming is to develop the Nursery Soil using neighborhood resources. Nursery Soil consists of 50% biomass and 50% activated mineral topsoil by volume. The Biomass forms the organic part and the topsoil forms the inorganic part of the Nursery Soil. The Nursery soil provides support and delivers water and nutrients to the plant in the most efficient manner. To obtain high quality nursery soil, it is most important to build its organic part through biomass addition. The well composted organic part of the nursery soil is called HUMUS which contains ligno proteins. It is a black, light, and easily friable material that can be broken into small fragments or crumbs. It has very good water holding capacity, twice its own weight. Generally, the weight of such material per liter of its volume in fine crumb form is about 400 grams. It has a peculiar black luster & we can see layers of dead colonies of the micro flora especially in well composted (humified) animal dung.

b) Harvesting the Sun - It is well known that the entire food chain is directly or indirectly depend upon sun energy, harvested by green plants through a process known as photosynthesis. Although one square meter of land surface usually receive 14,400 K. cal energy per day during bright sunny days, but only a small fraction of direct, total solar insolation is harvested by plants. The philosophy of Natueco culture emphasize on increasing the sun energy harvesting potential of plants, first by understanding the requirement of canopy index establishment, secondly by understanding the principal, that only the mature leaves of the plant are capable of doing optimum harvesting of sun and third by understanding the requirement of matching storage organs.

What is canopy index number – Canopy index number is calculated by accommodating overlapping leaves in multiple of 3 in one sq.ft. area. For example a plant, whose up to 3 overlapping leaves covers an area of 1 sq.ft., assigned Index No.1, with six overlapping leaves in 1 sq.ft., assigned Index No.2, with 9 overlapping leaves in 1 sq.ft. assigned Index No.3, with 12 overlapping leaves in 1 sq.ft., assigned Index No.4 and so on. Different plants have different leaf indices, generally between 5 and 10. Even the same plant can have different leaf indices as per its vigour.

Maximize Sun Harvesting - Critical studies by Prayog Parivar revealed many new findings, summarized below:

i. To harvest optimum sunlight, the plant must build a canopy as per the index number of the crop, which is generally between 5 to 10. Thus if a plant’s index number of leaves is 5, it means that, to harvest maximum sunlight from one sq.ft of area, this plant must have a canopy of 5 sq.ft. area.

ii. Each plant needs specific area for its maximum growth. By multiplying this area required by the plant, by the index number of leaves, we can calculate the requirement of canopy area e.g. if a plant needs about one half sq.ft. area for its full spread and its leaf index is 5, then for optimum sun harvesting the plant must have a canopy of 2.5 sq.ft. (0.5 x 5).

iii. Each plant must establish its optimum canopy spread at the earliest of its life cycle.

iv. As only mature leaves are capable of doing optimum harvesting of the sun, the young emerging leaves and old dying leaves should be excluded from the point of view of calculation.

v. There should be matching storage organ growth in plants at the time when optimum photosynthesis is taking place in the matured leaves.

c) Recycling Process
For optimum and continued growth of crops in the fields year after year, it is very much essential that recycling process caries on effectively. Three major components of this recycling process are (a) aerial component such as carbon dioxide, oxygen and nitrogen (b) mineral elements from soil and

The article will continue tomorrow.

Our Product Details with regard to Organic Farming:

We are producing the following two products.

Panchagavya – an organic fertilizer

Agnihastra – an organic pesticides / insecticides / fungicides.

The details about this product and the certificates can be viewed in our website Welcome to Buy Panchagavya | Organic Fertilizer Online

Please contact us for any requirement of this product.
V Sudhindranath
LTA Trading Private Limited
No. 18/7, Chitrakoot, Kumaracot Layout,
High Grounds, Bangalore 560 001.
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