Vermicomposting...

Register

Ashwini

New Member
HI

Vermicomposting is the process of turning organic debris into worm castings. The worm castings are very important to the fertility of the soil. The castings contain high amounts of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium. Castings contain: 5 times the available nitrogen, 7 times the available potash, and 1 ½ times more calcium than found in good topsoil.

Materials for preparation of Vermicompost

Any types of biodegradable wastes-

1. Crop residues
2. Weed biomass
3. Vegetable waste
4. Leaf litter
5. Hotel refuse
6. Waste from agro-industries
7. Biodegradable portion of urban and rural wastes

Phase of vermicomposting

Phase 1
Processing involving collection of wastes, shredding, mechanical separation of the metal, glass and ceramics and storage of organic wastes.

Phase 2

Pre digestion of organic waste for twenty days by heaping the material along with cattle dung slurry. This process partially digests the material and fit for earthworm consumption. Cattle dung and biogas slurry may be used after drying. Wet dung should not be used for vermicompost production.

Phase 3

Preparation of earthworm bed. A concrete base is required to put the waste for vermicompost preparation. Loose soil will allow the worms to go into soil and also while watering, all the dissolvable nutrients go into the soil along with water.

Phase 4

Collection of earthworm after vermicompost collection. Sieving the composted material to separate fully composted material. The partially composted material will be again put into vermicompost bed.

Phase 5

Storing the vermicompost in proper place to maintain moisture and allow the beneficial microorganisms to grow.

Requirements

Housing: Sheltered culturing of worms is recommended to protect the worms from excessive sunlight and rain. All the entrepreneurs have set up their units in vacant cowsheds, poultry sheds, basements and back yards.
Containers: Cement tanks were constructed. These were separated in half by a dividing wall. Another set of tanks were also constructed for preliminary decomposition.
Bedding and feeding materials: During the beginning of the enterprises, most women used cowdung in order to breed sufficient numbers of earthworms. Once they have large populations, they can start using all kinds of organic waste. Half of the entrepreneurs have now reached populations of 12,000 to 15,000 adult earthworms.

Vermicomposting training is provided at the University of PUne. Please approach them in case you need a training before you set up.

Reagrds
Ashwini S
 

rao someswara

New Member
Dear Ashwani.
Extreemly happy to see your detaile responses and these will certainly help people who are new to cultivation and wanted to start some of agri related business.
is there any place in bangalore where I can take 3-4 days training on this vermicomposting, pls advs.
Regards.
Rao Someswara
 

Ashwini

New Member
Hi

Indian Institute of Horticulture science (IIHR), Bangalore do provide training. PLease contact the ATIC in IIHR or also at the GKVK, Hebbal, BAnaglore.

Reagrsd
Ashwini S
 

garao56

Well-Known Member
Vermi Composting

Hello, Pl let me kmow the reliable source to get the knowledge about vermicomposting to start small business...
Dear sir /Madam

We can take up vermi compost unit with the following waste material:

1 Agricultural waste.
2.Fallen leaves
3.Cow dung and bedding material (paddy straw in cattle sheds)
4.Biogas slurry
5.Rotten vegetables
6. Other bio-mass


G.Ananda Rao, B.Sc (Ag)
Agri finance consultant
Vijaya Agro Consultants
 

arun kulkarni

New Member
Vermicomposting......

Hi Ashwini,

Thanks for giving valuable information. Pl.let me know any training centre near bu Aurangabad....

Arun Kulkarni








HI

Vermicomposting is the process of turning organic debris into worm castings. The worm castings are very important to the fertility of the soil. The castings contain high amounts of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, and magnesium. Castings contain: 5 times the available nitrogen, 7 times the available potash, and 1 ½ times more calcium than found in good topsoil.

Materials for preparation of Vermicompost

Any types of biodegradable wastes-

1. Crop residues
2. Weed biomass
3. Vegetable waste
4. Leaf litter
5. Hotel refuse
6. Waste from agro-industries
7. Biodegradable portion of urban and rural wastes

Phase of vermicomposting

Phase 1
Processing involving collection of wastes, shredding, mechanical separation of the metal, glass and ceramics and storage of organic wastes.

Phase 2

Pre digestion of organic waste for twenty days by heaping the material along with cattle dung slurry. This process partially digests the material and fit for earthworm consumption. Cattle dung and biogas slurry may be used after drying. Wet dung should not be used for vermicompost production.

Phase 3

Preparation of earthworm bed. A concrete base is required to put the waste for vermicompost preparation. Loose soil will allow the worms to go into soil and also while watering, all the dissolvable nutrients go into the soil along with water.

Phase 4

Collection of earthworm after vermicompost collection. Sieving the composted material to separate fully composted material. The partially composted material will be again put into vermicompost bed.

Phase 5

Storing the vermicompost in proper place to maintain moisture and allow the beneficial microorganisms to grow.

Requirements

Housing: Sheltered culturing of worms is recommended to protect the worms from excessive sunlight and rain. All the entrepreneurs have set up their units in vacant cowsheds, poultry sheds, basements and back yards.
Containers: Cement tanks were constructed. These were separated in half by a dividing wall. Another set of tanks were also constructed for preliminary decomposition.
Bedding and feeding materials: During the beginning of the enterprises, most women used cowdung in order to breed sufficient numbers of earthworms. Once they have large populations, they can start using all kinds of organic waste. Half of the entrepreneurs have now reached populations of 12,000 to 15,000 adult earthworms.

Vermicomposting training is provided at the University of PUne. Please approach them in case you need a training before you set up.

Reagrds
Ashwini S
 

Top