Business Opportunities in Agriculture: 150 Field Interviews (Book)

For Sale Solar DC water pumping VS Solar AC water Pumping - Detailed Comparison


Click Here!

Hello All,

I would like to share few inputs regarding solar DC and AC water pumping with the forum here; This explains why is it better to convert existing pumps to run on solar;

FactorSolar AC water PumpingSolar DC Water Pumping
Cost Less when compared to DC High
Capacities Available From Indian manufacturers 0.5Hp - 25Hp Max 2 or 3 hp
Ability to run on Mains During night/ when solar absent YesNo
Installation, maintenance & servicingEasyDifficult
Available applications Submersible/monoblock/open-well Mostly submersible only


Since solar DC water pumping is predominantly in nascent stage and being mostly imported the cost of such pumps are high when compared to solar AC water pumping.Because of this servicing becomes a major issue in case of downtime.

Next, the solar DC pumps do not have a option to connect/run on AC power supply. In case of solar non-available/weak there is no contingency available making it extremely evasive.

The Solar DC pump's are unreliable basically due to non-availability/rare availability of spare parts/replacement parts and last but not the least, solar DC pumps can be used only for submersible borewell applications unlike the AC counterparts.

Any local mechanic will rewind motor winding or troubleshoot AC pump, but expecting such luxury with DC pumps, especially in India will take time.

Last but not the least, MNRE has ammended the benchmark costs vide No. 5/23//2009-P&C (Pt. III) on 30th May 2013 for FY 2013 - 2014 for solar water pumping @ Rs.190/wp for Solar DC pumping & Rs.161.50/wp for Solar AC pumping both for capacities upto 5Hp.(

Lets take a example of both the cases @ 2Hp

Basic Cost of Solar DC pumping will be 2000watts * Rs.190 = Rs.3,80,000 after 30% subsidy - Rs.2,66,000
Basic Cost of Solar AC pumping will be 2000watts * Rs.161.50 = Rs.3,23,000 after 30% subsidy - Rs.2,26,100.This gets cheaper by roughly 10 ~ 15% more if you already have the AC pump

So here's the bottomline;IMHO If you choose solar for water pumping;

a)Converting your existing AC pump to run on solar is cheap and effective among options
b)Erecting a new AC pump and converting it to run on solar is next best
c)Erecting DC pump is the above two options are unavailable

You may all correct me if am wrong.

Hope this helps!


Saravana Kumar
Greencurrent Solar Energy Systems
Last edited:

Business Opportunities in Agriculture: 150 Field Interviews (Book)

Business Opportunities in Agriculture: 150 Field Interviews (Book)