Drumstick also called as Moringa is a popular tree grown these days as it enriches the farmland soil with nitrogen enormously. It definitely is suitable for commercial cultivation in Valsad, Gujarat. It is a high yielding plant provided few important rules are followed during the plantation period.
It must be planted during sunny conditions when it is neither too hot nor too cold. It need ample of sunlight initially to get its roots for the grip in the soil. Day temperature between 25-33 degree Celsius is favorable for moringa sapling transplantation.
It can be grown directly as or through nursery plants. In order to have quick results it is best to go in for nursery plants. To transplant the saplings keep the distance of 5*5 feet if it is grow as intercrop but if it is mono crops then it can be planted in the spacing of 6 *6 metre. PK1 variety moringa has excellent growth and yield is high. It can be cultivated in phases so that farmer can get production once in two months and the supply is steady.
The tree can reach a height of 10-12 m and the trunk can reach a diameter of 45 cm. Flowering begins within the first six months after planting. In seasonally cool regions, flowering will only occur once a year between April and June. In more constant seasonal temperature and with constant rainfall, flowering can happen twice or even all year round. After transplanting seedlings, first flush of pods is borne within 7-8 months. After complete harvesting, do light pruning so that new flowering starts again and second yield of drumstick pods are ready within next 2-3 months.
Pruning is also an important activity for drum stick plantation. When the plant acquires the height of 2’ to 3’, pruning should be done. The pods will be formed in bunches within 1 to 2 months of flowering. Moringa is wonder crop for the farmers as it sells easily and is excellent for the soil.