Mushroom farming is indeed a profitable business where it is all about maintaining the temperature and humidity. There are three types of mushroom grown largely in India namely button, oyster and milky. Out of all, button mushroom is most in demand. It really sells very well. Oyster mushroom is highly rich in protein content and can be grown without any use of chemicals but people are still unaware about its medicinal properties so the demand is less. However if the grower can take the initiative to increase the awareness about health benefits of eating oyster mushrooms surely the demand will increase and so the profits for the grower. Demand of milky mushroom is moderate. Along with the present market status, future of mushroom is also promising. It is the industry that is expected to say a boom soon.
It is suggested that before growing mushroom commercially one needs to take proper training and invest small amount. As the market gets assured then subsequently the expansion can be made. To secure the market, grower can do a tie up with local vegetable vendor and grocery stores selling exotic vegetables. As they regularly get the buyers asking for mushrooms. So if the quality is maintained the demand will increase for sure.
Investment includes shed/closed room, mushroom growing bed and spawns. The place can be as small as 200 sq feet and it would require investment of less than Rs. 10,000. The production room must be closed and should necessarily have a digital meter to check on humidity and temperature. Humidity required in all mushroom varieties production is 80% whereas the temperature varies. In button mushroom temperature should be 14-24 degree Celsius, oyster – 18-30 degree Celsius and milky mushroom – 25- 35 degree Celsius. If these two factors are monitored well then production will surely be good.
The mushroom bed could be of wheat or rice husk, whichever is available locally. In the beginning it is best to buy the spawns from the tissue culture lab. It is usually priced between Rs. 85-120/kg. Mushroom harvest can be obtained four times in 10 days. This is referred as ‘flush’. After the harvesting the mushroom bed can be processed into manure. It is a simple process and cost effective method.