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Thread: Need information on mango cultivation practices

  1. #1

    Join Date
    Nov 2012
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    Default Need information on mango cultivation practices

    Dear Friends..

    Currently we have about 400 well established mango trees pls suggest me the cultivation practices like spraying of pesticide,fungicide,growth inhibitor etc..,irrigation frequency and pest control tech.

  2. #2
    kirti s's Avatar
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    Jan 2006
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    Hello Sir
    Irrigation scheduling
    The daily water requirement of mango varies from 28 to 85 l/d/plant. The total annual water requirement of the crop is 6400 m3/ha for the planting geometry of 5 m x 5 m. Soil moisture stress from end November to end January is recommended for good flowering. Regular irrigation during fruit setting and development period reduces fruits drop considerably.

    Application of fertilizers
    Phosphorus should be applied twice a year i.e. at the beginning (June-July) and end (September-October) of monsoon season. Nitrogenous and potassic fertilizers are usually applied in split doses in June-July, September-October, January-February and March-April. For adult mango trees (10 years or above) 1 kg N, 1.5 kg P2O5, 1 kg K2O and 100 kg FYM per year should be applied. Application of micronutrients such as Zinc and Boron helps the cell elongation process and increases the total sugar, ascorbic acid and total solid contents of the fruit pulp.

    Weed control
    Mango orchard should be completely free from weeds. In order to control weeds, shallow hoeing at quarterly interval should be done. Black plastic mulch should be used to restrict the germination of weed seeds and suppression of weed growth

    Intercropping
    In the initial four years the mango orchard can be intercropped with vegetable species and short duration fruit crops viz; Tomato, Carrot, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Methi, Onion, Ginger, Papaya, Pineapple etc.

    Plant protection
    Mango crop suffers seriously from the pests: hopper, mealy bug, fruit fly, shoot and stem borer and stone weevil. The Hoppers are most devasting during flowering period as they suck the sap from tender shoots, leaves and panicles. Spray of 0.05% Carbaryl (Sevin) or 0.04% Monocrotophos (Nuvacron) has been recommended as the protection measure from Hoppers.

    Mealy bug sucks the sap and causes drying of plant parts that result in immature fruit drop. Banding of trunk in the month of November-December with slippery bands of polyethylene sheet or application of mixture of grease and coaltar has been recommended. Digging the soil around the mango trunk during hot summer and cleaning of the weeds are recommended as control measures.

    Mango aphids do harm mango plants during flowering period. Spray of 0.05% Phosphamidon has been found to be effective for the control of aphids.

    Damage by Stem borer is caused by grub of its beetle as it feeds inside the stems, boring upward that result in drying of branches and stem. Application of emulsion of Monocrotophos (0.05%) or DDVP (0.05%) has been recommended as the control measure from the stem borer.

    Stone weevils lay eggs on the epicarp of partially developed fruits or under the ring of ripening fruits. Newly emerged grubs of the stem weevils bore through the pulp, feed on the seed coat and subsequently cause damage to cotyledons. Spray of (0.01%) Fenthion concentration has been found effective for the control of stem weevils.

    Harvesting, yield and quality control
    An average yield of 150-225 marketable fruits (50 kg) per plant per year may be expected from a well grown mango tree. Mature green fruits are harvested with 8-10 mm long stalks to prevent sap burn and undesired spots on the ripened fruits. The best way to decide maturity in mango fruit is the colour of the pulp, which turns cream to light yellow on maturity and hardening of stone.

    Post harvest handling and storage
    After harvesting the mango fruits are graded according to their size, weight, colour and maturity. Packaging of fruits should be done in corrugated fiberboard (CFB) boxes. Polyethylene lining has been found beneficial as it maintains humidity, which results in lesser shrinkage during storage. The mature green fruits can be kept at room temperature for 4 to 10 days depending upon the variety. Pre-cooling, chemical treatments, low temperature etc. extend shelf life of fruit. Fruits of Dashahari, Amrapali, Mallika should be stored at 12 oC with relative humidity of 85 to 90%. Dashahari treated with Calcium chloride solution (4%) at sub-atmospheric pressure of 500 mm Hg for 5 minutes can be stored at 12 oC for 27 days.

    kirti
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    I am a technical moderator on this discussion forum. Please provide a feedback on my response either on this thread or via email to my supervisor at feedback@agricultureinformation.com

  3. #3
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    Quote Originally Posted by kirti s View Post
    Hello Sir
    Irrigation scheduling
    The daily water requirement of mango varies from 28 to 85 l/d/plant. The total annual water requirement of the crop is 6400 m3/ha for the planting geometry of 5 m x 5 m. Soil moisture stress from end November to end January is recommended for good flowering. Regular irrigation during fruit setting and development period reduces fruits drop considerably.

    Application of fertilizers
    Phosphorus should be applied twice a year i.e. at the beginning (June-July) and end (September-October) of monsoon season. Nitrogenous and potassic fertilizers are usually applied in split doses in June-July, September-October, January-February and March-April. For adult mango trees (10 years or above) 1 kg N, 1.5 kg P2O5, 1 kg K2O and 100 kg FYM per year should be applied. Application of micronutrients such as Zinc and Boron helps the cell elongation process and increases the total sugar, ascorbic acid and total solid contents of the fruit pulp.

    Weed control
    Mango orchard should be completely free from weeds. In order to control weeds, shallow hoeing at quarterly interval should be done. Black plastic mulch should be used to restrict the germination of weed seeds and suppression of weed growth

    Intercropping
    In the initial four years the mango orchard can be intercropped with vegetable species and short duration fruit crops viz; Tomato, Carrot, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Methi, Onion, Ginger, Papaya, Pineapple etc.

    Plant protection
    Mango crop suffers seriously from the pests: hopper, mealy bug, fruit fly, shoot and stem borer and stone weevil. The Hoppers are most devasting during flowering period as they suck the sap from tender shoots, leaves and panicles. Spray of 0.05% Carbaryl (Sevin) or 0.04% Monocrotophos (Nuvacron) has been recommended as the protection measure from Hoppers.

    Mealy bug sucks the sap and causes drying of plant parts that result in immature fruit drop. Banding of trunk in the month of November-December with slippery bands of polyethylene sheet or application of mixture of grease and coaltar has been recommended. Digging the soil around the mango trunk during hot summer and cleaning of the weeds are recommended as control measures.

    Mango aphids do harm mango plants during flowering period. Spray of 0.05% Phosphamidon has been found to be effective for the control of aphids.

    Damage by Stem borer is caused by grub of its beetle as it feeds inside the stems, boring upward that result in drying of branches and stem. Application of emulsion of Monocrotophos (0.05%) or DDVP (0.05%) has been recommended as the control measure from the stem borer.

    Stone weevils lay eggs on the epicarp of partially developed fruits or under the ring of ripening fruits. Newly emerged grubs of the stem weevils bore through the pulp, feed on the seed coat and subsequently cause damage to cotyledons. Spray of (0.01%) Fenthion concentration has been found effective for the control of stem weevils.

    Harvesting, yield and quality control
    An average yield of 150-225 marketable fruits (50 kg) per plant per year may be expected from a well grown mango tree. Mature green fruits are harvested with 8-10 mm long stalks to prevent sap burn and undesired spots on the ripened fruits. The best way to decide maturity in mango fruit is the colour of the pulp, which turns cream to light yellow on maturity and hardening of stone.

    Post harvest handling and storage
    After harvesting the mango fruits are graded according to their size, weight, colour and maturity. Packaging of fruits should be done in corrugated fiberboard (CFB) boxes. Polyethylene lining has been found beneficial as it maintains humidity, which results in lesser shrinkage during storage. The mature green fruits can be kept at room temperature for 4 to 10 days depending upon the variety. Pre-cooling, chemical treatments, low temperature etc. extend shelf life of fruit. Fruits of Dashahari, Amrapali, Mallika should be stored at 12 oC with relative humidity of 85 to 90%. Dashahari treated with Calcium chloride solution (4%) at sub-atmospheric pressure of 500 mm Hg for 5 minutes can be stored at 12 oC for 27 days.

    kirti
    Thanks for great information .....
    Mango (Mangifera indica) is the leading fruit crop of India and considered to be the king of fruits. Besides delicious taste, excellent flavour and attractive fragrance, it is rich in vitamin A&C. The tree is hardy in nature and requires comparatively low maintenance costs.
    Agriculture Industry Analysis
    Mango occupies 22% of the total under fruits comprising of 1.2 million hectares, with a total production of 11 million tonnes. Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are having the largest area under mango each with around 25% of the total area followed by Bihar, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

  4. #4
    Business Member
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    May 2012
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    Dear sir

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    Mobile No :+919035770885
    Mail Id :klinkbangalore@gmail.com
    Website : http://klinkagroindia.blogspot.in

  5. #5
    Business Member
    Join Date
    May 2012
    Posts
    86

    Default

    Dear All,
    We are having 15 Different Types of Organic Fertilizer Which are manufactured in Karnataka and have all certificate for using these products.

    Our products are using all over India and got good Result in terms of yield, pest control, Fungus control and water Management.

    Our Products are Very Cheaper and superior Quality. Our product Ranges starts From Rs.210 for One Acre one time use.

    Our Product Name are: K-Zyme,

    K-Zyme Banana for High yield and export quality
    K-Zyme Chilli for high yield and export quality
    K-Zyme Flowers for high yield and export quality
    K-Zyme Vegetables for high yield and export quality
    K-Zyme Paddy high yield and export quality
    K-Zyme wheat, for high yield and export quality
    K-Fit for Fungicides,
    K-Super pest Controller,
    K-Mite for Controlling Mites
    K-Wilt for bacterial wilt,
    K-Hume for Soil fertility.

    Price List
    K-ZYME (250 ml) 245.00
    K-WET (500 ml) 378.00
    K-MITES (250 ml) 616.00
    K-SUPER (250 ml) 588.00
    K-WILT (100g) 182.00
    K-WILT (250g) 420.00
    K-BLAST (100g) 140.00
    K-BLAST (250g) 294.00
    K-ZYME CARDAMOM (1000ml) 840.00
    K-ZYME CARDAMOM (5 Liters) 3,780.00
    K-HUME (1000 ml) 588.00
    K-ZYME-PADDY (250ml) 210.00
    K-ZYME-BANANA (250ml) 245.00
    K-ZYME-VEGETABLE (250ml) 210.00
    K-ZYME-CHILLI (250ml) 308.00
    K-ZYME-FLOWER (250ml) 350.00
    K-ZYME-WHEAT (250ml) 210.00
    K-HUME (5000 ml) 2,800.00
    K-FIT (250 ml) 504.00

    Contact Arun +919035770885 / Bangalore


    Quote Originally Posted by kirti s View Post
    Hello Sir
    Irrigation scheduling
    The daily water requirement of mango varies from 28 to 85 l/d/plant. The total annual water requirement of the crop is 6400 m3/ha for the planting geometry of 5 m x 5 m. Soil moisture stress from end November to end January is recommended for good flowering. Regular irrigation during fruit setting and development period reduces fruits drop considerably.

    Application of fertilizers
    Phosphorus should be applied twice a year i.e. at the beginning (June-July) and end (September-October) of monsoon season. Nitrogenous and potassic fertilizers are usually applied in split doses in June-July, September-October, January-February and March-April. For adult mango trees (10 years or above) 1 kg N, 1.5 kg P2O5, 1 kg K2O and 100 kg FYM per year should be applied. Application of micronutrients such as Zinc and Boron helps the cell elongation process and increases the total sugar, ascorbic acid and total solid contents of the fruit pulp.

    Weed control
    Mango orchard should be completely free from weeds. In order to control weeds, shallow hoeing at quarterly interval should be done. Black plastic mulch should be used to restrict the germination of weed seeds and suppression of weed growth

    Intercropping
    In the initial four years the mango orchard can be intercropped with vegetable species and short duration fruit crops viz; Tomato, Carrot, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Methi, Onion, Ginger, Papaya, Pineapple etc.

    Plant protection
    Mango crop suffers seriously from the pests: hopper, mealy bug, fruit fly, shoot and stem borer and stone weevil. The Hoppers are most devasting during flowering period as they suck the sap from tender shoots, leaves and panicles. Spray of 0.05% Carbaryl (Sevin) or 0.04% Monocrotophos (Nuvacron) has been recommended as the protection measure from Hoppers.

    Mealy bug sucks the sap and causes drying of plant parts that result in immature fruit drop. Banding of trunk in the month of November-December with slippery bands of polyethylene sheet or application of mixture of grease and coaltar has been recommended. Digging the soil around the mango trunk during hot summer and cleaning of the weeds are recommended as control measures.

    Mango aphids do harm mango plants during flowering period. Spray of 0.05% Phosphamidon has been found to be effective for the control of aphids.

    Damage by Stem borer is caused by grub of its beetle as it feeds inside the stems, boring upward that result in drying of branches and stem. Application of emulsion of Monocrotophos (0.05%) or DDVP (0.05%) has been recommended as the control measure from the stem borer.

    Stone weevils lay eggs on the epicarp of partially developed fruits or under the ring of ripening fruits. Newly emerged grubs of the stem weevils bore through the pulp, feed on the seed coat and subsequently cause damage to cotyledons. Spray of (0.01%) Fenthion concentration has been found effective for the control of stem weevils.

    Harvesting, yield and quality control
    An average yield of 150-225 marketable fruits (50 kg) per plant per year may be expected from a well grown mango tree. Mature green fruits are harvested with 8-10 mm long stalks to prevent sap burn and undesired spots on the ripened fruits. The best way to decide maturity in mango fruit is the colour of the pulp, which turns cream to light yellow on maturity and hardening of stone.

    Post harvest handling and storage
    After harvesting the mango fruits are graded according to their size, weight, colour and maturity. Packaging of fruits should be done in corrugated fiberboard (CFB) boxes. Polyethylene lining has been found beneficial as it maintains humidity, which results in lesser shrinkage during storage. The mature green fruits can be kept at room temperature for 4 to 10 days depending upon the variety. Pre-cooling, chemical treatments, low temperature etc. extend shelf life of fruit. Fruits of Dashahari, Amrapali, Mallika should be stored at 12 oC with relative humidity of 85 to 90%. Dashahari treated with Calcium chloride solution (4%) at sub-atmospheric pressure of 500 mm Hg for 5 minutes can be stored at 12 oC for 27 days.

    kirti
    Thanks & Regards
    M Arun Kummar
    K-Link Agro Products
    Bangalore 560060
    Mobile No :+919035770885
    Mail Id :klinkbangalore@gmail.com
    Website : http://klinkagroindia.blogspot.in

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