Hi. I am a new member in this forum & it seems to me that everyone has lot of wueries on Dairy farming. I will be able to answer all of them.
However in this case I am giving you answers as per your queries.
1) Whether exotic variety Holstein Friesian cow is available in India? What is the nearby area (near Kolkata) where these cows could be bought?- How much a pure Holstein Friesian may cost each? How much a cross breed Holstein Friesian cow may cost? Where such cross breed HF cow available near Kolkata?
The area for buying HF cows can be Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat & Maharashtra. Pure may cost you in between 40-50,000 whereas Crossbred will be in the range of 20-40,000 depending upon Milk in 300 days which can range from 3000-4500 litres.
2) How much milk a cross-breed Holstein Friesian give? How much milk an exotic variety of Holstein Friesian cow give?
Crpss breds can give from 3000-7500 litre while Pure can give upto 12 -15000 litres in 300 days.
3) I came to know that milking by milking machine gives 20% additional milk. Also milking 3 times a day in 8 hours interval, increases milk yield by 30%. Please let me know whether same is true with cross breed Holstein Frisian cow.
It is totally false information. Milk yield depends upon its genetic potential as well as Feeding Practices.
4) Does cooling arrangement (fan with mist spray) during summer help increase milk yield for cross breed Holstein Friesian cow? Whether increase in milk-yield is remunerative compared to the associated cost of cooling arrangement?
Not really,. Difference can be hardly 2-4%.
5) What should be the minimum herd strength to make economical and remunerative Dairy Farm? How much it would cost me to build a shed (low cost building) suitable for such farm? How much should be the covered area per cow?
The minimum strength should be around 25 since not all animals are milking always. It is only 60% who are in Milk. Cost would be around 10,000 per animal. The area should be about 50 sq.ft.
6) I came to know that green fodder could substantially reduce the cost of concentrate, thereby reduce the cost of milk production. What sort of green fodder (both leguminous and non-leguminous) can be cultivated round the year in our area? Climatic condition in my village is extreme, with temperature in summer goes as high as 46º ~47ºC and in winter it goes down to 6º ~7ºC. Rainfall is less. However we have irrigation facilities through bore-well.
This can be determined only after looking at the village as well as the soil structure & its pH etc.
7) How much dry-fodder, green-fodder and concentrate should be given to a milking cow?
The total grass needed is 3% of the bodya wt ( excluding the water content in greens as green grass contain minimum 50% water ). This means for 500 Kg cow the total fodder would be 15 kgs out of which 40% should be dry which is = 6 kgs & remaining is Green grass = 9 Kgs nut actually 18 Kgs is needed as Green fodder contains 50% water & this weight has not to be considered.
8) What sort of concentrate should be fed? What it should contain? In other words how to make home made concentrate to beat the cost?
It is better to bring Cattle Feed manufactured by Companies as the process is too intricate.
9) What about mineral mix? How to prepare it?
Buy it from the market depending upon your Milk yield. Don’t try to prepare it.
10) I want to do retail marketing of milk through poly-pack in Kolkata, where demand for cow milk is good. Is it required to be pasteurized before packing? No.
11) Do I need a chiller to preserve milk from going off? What size do you recommend and how much it would cost?
Chiller size depends upon the total milk collected. You can get from 500-10,000 litre capacity.
12) What cow should I purchase, namely Dry pregnant or Milking but pregnant?
13) Which one is good so far milk is yield is concerned- Freestall or Tie-stall?
Please do send all your Queries to Dr. Chandrakiran Sant, Dairy Management Advisor. ( You may try google search also for Dr.C.N.Sant) We take up Dairy farms on Turnkey basis.
Thanking you & with warm regards,
Dairy Management Advisor