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As Musli grows naturally in most parts of Central region of India, the normal climate of the central region suits the crop most and as per practical experience it can also grow successfully in the wide range of temperature and rainfall. Sandy loam soil with proper drainage system facilitates its growth.
Land preparation takes almost 2-3 months:
* Deep Ploughing, Tillering is must to give land a better Pulverization and Dryness in the month of March and April.
* At least twenty trollys of Cow dung manure should be mixed in the month of April or May.
* Raised beds should be prepared (as per planning of plantation) in the end of Month May.
* All the raised Beds should be well irrigated before sowing the planting Material.
The complete yield depends upon the plantation of crop. Planting Material required per acre is 500kg which has to be booked before as it is given on first-come-first-serve basis.
* Booking of planting material.
* Separate the material from sand which is given by us from the godown.
* This material is then operated in pieces of 15 to 20 gms. This technique must be observed at our farm in Indore before trying it on any farm.
* These cutted piece are of two to three fingers approximately attached to a part of crown.
* This is the actual planting material which is then treated with growth harmones for better germination & contact fungicide to protect it from any kind of fungus.
* Then each single piece is sowed at a distance of 10 inches X 12 inches on the raised bed. The actual sowing method must be observed at our farm.
* Weeds should be controlled either by weeding by labour or at the time of land preparation.
* Any kind of deficiency should be immediately traced and the required element should be supplied.
* Some few especial techniques practiced have to be observed either by training or by frequently visiting.
* The first three months from the sowing date are very important and the field needs most care.
* The complete maintenance of Safed Musli cultivation per acre amounts to 1 lakh approx.
Harvesting is nothing but combination of three process namely -
* Digging: This means digging the bunch of safed musli from ground. This process involves around 60-70 mens perday to dig one acre land. The complete process should be seen by the labour so as to enable him to get the complete yield safely.
* Drying: Part of the yield dogged out is peeled and then dried to almost 20%. This dried musli is then sent to the market. There should be a clear understanding of this process.
* Replantation: As the experience regarding the crop cultivation is gained therefore the planting material obtained from the digging process should be sown in the ready fields within two days.