Discussion To determine if going for Farm cultivation of Red Sanders is wise !

narender64

New Member
Motivating factors to consider cultivation of
Red Sanders / Pterocarpus santalinus / RaktaChandan (Telugu)

I understand from some forum posts and some nureseries selling seedling that red sanders wood is sold at very high prices like Rs 800/Kg, Hence one can earn upto 30 crores from one acre of plantation when it is harvested. I would like to understand the following points in the correct perspective.

1. Production
I read from several documents that red sanders takes more than 18 years to start forming heartwood, and I understand that only heartwood has market where as sapwood is like any other wood like any firewood Rs 0.50/Kg.
So do we have to wait for typically 30 years or more to harvest it ?
One nursery owner says he has hybrid variety which gives marketable output in 10..12 years.



2. Market Potential
Today it is understood by indian community that red sanders has great demand from illegal trade because of high prices paid by china, japana for its heartwood and they seem to be using it produce Pterostilbene which is being used to make sex drive boosting drug like viagra. as per net search on this ingredient Pterostilbene I found this from wikipedia copied here
"Pterostilbene is a stilbenoid chemically related to resveratrol and is found in blueberries and grapes. It belongs to the group of phytoalexins, agents produced by plants to fight infections.[1] Based on animal studies it is thought to exhibit anti-cancer, anti-hypercholesterolemia, anti-hypertriglyceridemia properties, as well as fight off and reverse cognitive decline. It is believed that the compound also has anti-diabetic properties, but so far very little has been studied on this issue."

So Pterostilbene being available from many other sources than red wood sanders why is it in high demand ? how long this demand may sustain.

Some one says even C grade wood has high value , well C grade or ungraded if it is to be purchased it should be heart wood after removing the sapwood it seems.


3. Risk of cultivation
If farmer goes for its cultivation in irrigated lands he has to wait for very long period with uncertainity of huge income, if he goes along the periphery or in un irrigated lands can it survive during summer like in forests ?

Please add any useful information on this topic which helps a farmer decide about its cultivaiton.
 

archidambaram

New Member
Red sanders is supposed to block harmful rays from atomic reactors. So it is in high demand. I have gathered this information from a few printed articles published magazines. Is it true? Experts can help in this forum.

I believe, export of this wood is banned.
 

narender64

New Member
Yes , I understand that the export of the wood is banned, only processed and value added product is allowed, to prevent smuggling of the forest wood. But I think by the time plantation crop comes to yield, laws are likely to change and allow the export of plantation output. But answering the questions regarding no of years to wait and sustainability of its price until then remain.
 

mkbhadra

New Member
sandalwood

Hi
I have been searching for sandalwood plantation from last 6 months
visited many nursery too
According to my knowledge
White Sandalwood is profitable after 12 years
Red sandalwood is not as profitable as white sandalwood
Only Hartwood is more valuable in both type of plant
 

chenna1

New Member
Dear Narender,
The claims of the nursery owners about returns on red sanders plantations is all bogus. Do not get cheated by their false promises.

I do not recommend raising of red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) for the following reasons:

1. There is demand only for red coloured heart wood with wavy grain. Trees develop red coloured heart wood and wavy grain only under the harsh rigorous conditions of soil and weather in natural forest. Trees grown in artificial plantations do not develop red coloured heart wood with wavy grain. They only develop white sap wood that does not have market.

2. Red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) is a very slow growing tree reaching harvestable size even in natural forests only after 60 to 70 years of rotation.

3. There is no local demand for red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus). It does not have even fuel wood value as emits lot of smoke while burning. What all local demand the wood has today is only for making turnery items like toys.

4. The wood has value only in export market for making musical instruments like Shamosin, furniture, wooden cabinet etc., (We are yet to develop/adapt the sophisticated technology and carving machinery for red sanders in our country).

5. Under Government of India Exim Policy, only value added products of red sanders like musical instruments, musical instruments parts, dyes and extracts are exportable. Red sanders export in round log form is prohibited.

5. There is more than 8,000 MTs of Red Sanders seized in offences cases lying with Andhra Pradesh Forest Department. They are not able to dispose the wood because its export in round log form is prohibited under exim policy.

6. Red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) is an endangered species. It is one of the listed species in red data book. Being listed as endangered species, it is attracted by the international treaty CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). Therefore member countries under CITES do not permit import of the wood without CITES clearance. CITES gives clearance only for wood products that are obtained from sustainably harvested trees. There are cases of some member countries returning the consignments of value added products of red sanders permitted for export by Government of India. Even the Government of India can give permission for export of red sanders (Ptercocarpus santalinus) only after obtaining CITES clearance.
7. There is a proposal before the Government of India to include red sanders (Pterocarpius santalinus) under schedule VI of Indian Wild Life Act. This act prohibits the cultivation and trade (whether alive or dead or part or derivative) from any forest land and any area specified by notification by the Central Government. There are so far six species included in the Schedule VI of the Act.
Regards,
Siva Sankara Reddy
 

rkpend

New Member
Dear Narender,
The claims of the nursery owners about returns on red sanders plantations is all bogus. Do not get cheated by their false promises.

I do not recommend raising of red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) for the following reasons:

1. There is demand only for red coloured heart wood with wavy grain. Trees develop red coloured heart wood and wavy grain only under the harsh rigorous conditions of soil and weather in natural forest. Trees grown in artificial plantations do not develop red coloured heart wood with wavy grain. They only develop white sap wood that does not have market.

2. Red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) is a very slow growing tree reaching harvestable size even in natural forests only after 60 to 70 years of rotation.

3. There is no local demand for red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus). It does not have even fuel wood value as emits lot of smoke while burning. What all local demand the wood has today is only for making turnery items like toys.

4. The wood has value only in export market for making musical instruments like Shamosin, furniture, wooden cabinet etc., (We are yet to develop/adapt the sophisticated technology and carving machinery for red sanders in our country).

5. Under Government of India Exim Policy, only value added products of red sanders like musical instruments, musical instruments parts, dyes and extracts are exportable. Red sanders export in round log form is prohibited.

5. There is more than 8,000 MTs of Red Sanders seized in offences cases lying with Andhra Pradesh Forest Department. They are not able to dispose the wood because its export in round log form is prohibited under exim policy.

6. Red sanders (Pterocarpus santalinus) is an endangered species. It is one of the listed species in red data book. Being listed as endangered species, it is attracted by the international treaty CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora). Therefore member countries under CITES do not permit import of the wood without CITES clearance. CITES gives clearance only for wood products that are obtained from sustainably harvested trees. There are cases of some member countries returning the consignments of value added products of red sanders permitted for export by Government of India. Even the Government of India can give permission for export of red sanders (Ptercocarpus santalinus) only after obtaining CITES clearance.
7. There is a proposal before the Government of India to include red sanders (Pterocarpius santalinus) under schedule VI of Indian Wild Life Act. This act prohibits the cultivation and trade (whether alive or dead or part or derivative) from any forest land and any area specified by notification by the Central Government. There are so far six species included in the Schedule VI of the Act.
Regards,
Siva Sankara Reddy
Sir,
Redsanders is an endemic tree species and has a restrictive distribution in the Palakonda and Seshachalam hill ranges of Cuddapah - Chittoor district of Andhra pradesh, India. Earlier trials of plantations in other areas throughout the world reported very little heartwood in the tree.
Regards,
Ramakrishna
 

morthala

New Member
Need below information about licensing for red sandal wood cultivation

need information on red sandalwood and sandal wood licensing and permissions

Sir

Can any one please respond to my query below

1. Do we need any license required from State \ Central Government before (or) after planting the Red Sandal (or) Sri Gandham?

2. What is the best way to purchase the red sandal and Sri Gandham i.e is from Private Nursery or Government Nursery?

3. How can we get the information about "Government approved to planting the RedSandal Wood and Sandal Wood in Patta lands"?

4. How can we get the subsidiry from Government after planting these?

Can you please respond above 4 queries. We are yet in initial state for collecting all these kind of details.
 

naveenkrbr

New Member
True. Red sanders are endemic to cuddapah geological formation and grows only on sandy or sedimentary rocky soils of cuddapah and bordering districts. No where in the world they can be grown. They are very slow growing and very drought tolerant. No water is required. Even though they die, with next rain, the dead shoot will come to life again.
 

pramoliya

New Member
Get millions of revenue by contract farming.

Get millions of revenue by contract farming. Cultivate to herbal medicinal product. Such as aloe vera, kalmegh, white musli, shatavari, chicory, brahmi, asalo, jivanti, lemongrass, basil and many more. Information will be provided from plantation to selling. Open the link below for more information. https://goo.gl/XVDeLC
 

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