Cold Storage Facilities in India .
The total number of cold storages in India is 5,381 with total installed capacity of 24.45 million MT. Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal account for more than 60 per cent of the cold storage capacity followed by Punjab, Bihar, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Over ninety five percent of the cold storages are in the private sector.
As per the Report of the Task Force on Development of Cold Chain in India, the all India capacity utilization is around 48 percent. Andhra Pradesh has the highest
capacity utilization at 92 percent followed by Karnataka (60%), Maharashtra (55%), Gujarat (51%)and Rajasthan (52%) .Uttar Pradesh (46%) ,West Bengal (29%) ,Bihar (35%)
and Punjab (43%) are lower than the national average. This is due to significant number of potato stocking cold storages in these states (which remain closed during the lean seasons). The capacity utilization in Andhra Pradesh is higher due to storage of red chilies, usually stored round the year.
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