CAPSICUM – HYBRID CULTIVATION FOR HIGHER FARM INCOME

ramu1970

New Member
Capsicum has become a highly demanded farm produce in the consumer market and its consumption demand keeps increasing every year in domestic as well as International market

An acre of capsicum in open field cultivation could produce about 40 MT and in shadenet house 80-100 MT and in polyhouse / green house condition upto 180-200 MT of fruits in about 8-10 months period

Capsicum grows well in the day time temperature range of 25-30 degree celsius and night time temperature of 18-20 degree celsius and atmospheric humidity level of 50-60 % and soil PH range of 5.5 to 6.8 being slightly or moderately acidic

In an open field cultivation @ 4 feet row to row distance and 1 foot plant to plant distnce , one acre of land is planted with total plant population of 11,110 seedlings

35 days old seedlings are planted after seed treatment with fungicide to prevent root rot disease after Transplanting in the main field

The transplanting was done on December 25 th and flowering was noticed on February first week .

Out of total fertilizer recommendation of 100 :60:60 kgs of NPK per acre , 75 % of phosphate fertilizer was applied in basal application before last ploughing and remaining fertilizers were applied as water soluble fertilizers through drip irrigation system ( fertigation )

Cut worms and thrips and mite were major pests and were prevented by periodical monitoring and spray of pesticide

19:19:19 NPK , Potassium nitrate and calcium nitrate water soluble fertilizers, panchagavya, cow urine and planofix and micro nutrients were sprayed as foliar application through leaves to keep the growth steady and healthy

Besides above inputs , 10 MT of farmyard manure , Neem cake, Bio fetilizers like Azospirillum, phosphobacteria, Pseudomonas bio pesticide were applied after mixing it with Powdered farmyard manure .

Best growth and yield were obtained when cultivation of capsicum was done @ 60:40 organic and Inorganic nutrients ratio..

Growth stage of capsicum is divided into following phases

1.Transplanting to establishment phase – 10 days

2.Vegetative phase- Production of branches and leaves – 30 days

3.Flower initiation to first picking stage – 30 days

4.Harvesting stage – 95 days

Total crop duration is 165 days and it can be extended upto 240 to 300 days under favorable climatic condition / shadenet/ polyouse/ green house condition

Training and pruning of capsicum plants – At 5 or 6 th internode tip of the plant is pinched and side branches are allowed . Only two strong side branches are allowed to grow and again each of these two side branches are pinched at the tip thus allowing each to produce 2 more additional branches . This will give rise to 4 branches per capsicum plant . After one month time , pruning is done by removing weak branches from the nodes of each branch at the interval of 8-10 days . The capsicum plants are staked properly or supported with twine to the roof of the shadenet house . The plant grows to the height of 10 feet in life time . Every weak and twisted and malformed fruits are removed to allow healthy fruits develop in size and weight

In an acre 11,110 plants @ 4 branches per plant will give rise to total 44,440 stems . Each branch produce about 12 number of fruits with an average individual fruit weight of 150 grams thus producing around 80 MT of fruit yield per acre

@ the selling price of Rs. 25 / kg , 80,000 kgs of capsicum fruits brings about Rs.20 lac per acre per season

But extra care should be taken in regard to mulching sheet to cover planting beds, drip irrigation , Fertilizer nutrients managements and pest management

To control the pest and disease right from nursery stage is most important to produce healthy crop . The possible pest and disease that can damage the capsicum plant is

1.Root rot – During transplanting and early seedlings stage

2. Defoliator – makes holes in the leaves by feeding on the leaf surface and leaf axil near growing points

3.Fruit borer – making holes in the capsicum fruits

4. Leaf spot – fungal disease causing spots on leaves

5.Powdery mildew disease – Leaves are covered with while pustules of fungus

6. Thrips and mites and aphids – Feeds on under surface of leaves making the plant sick

7.Virus – makes the leaves little and whole plants unproductive

In some location where prevailing weather is favorable , farmers can even grow capsicum in open field cultivation and harvest about 40 MT of capsicum fruits without difficulties

But open field capsicum fetch lesser price compared to shadenet/ polyhouse capsicum ..however the gross income @ Rs. 15 per kg for about 40,000 kgs should bring you per acre income of Rs.6,00,000 in a season .

The yield of capsicum can be maximized by using appropriate crop geometry like double row planting and decreasing the plant to plant spacing . The plant population is determined based on the soil fertility status and type of cultivation practices followed









 

ramu1970

New Member
Thats Nice , Informative.....What is the mulching cost and drip irrigation cost per acre ...
Depending on the size of the holding the drip irrigation cost per unit area vary . More area and square field , cost is less. Less area and angled shape ,cost is bit more ..

Mulching cost for plastic mulching sheet is around Rs. 5000 per acre ..Or else you can even use organic mulch @ 2 mt per acre
 

darsan_

New Member
Thank You Ram , also how long organic mulch can with stand , can it be used crop after crop .This include the same cost are it vary from Plastic mulching ..
 
The yield quoted (40MT in open field to 200MT in greenhouse) does not tally with figures published by knowledgeable sources.

TNAU site's figure is 15T/HA. Link: http://agritech.tnau.ac.in/horticulture/horti_vegetables_capsicum.html

According to S.U. Patil, Associate Professor (Entomology) at Zonal Agricultural Research Station, Brahmavar: “The yield from capsicum grown on the soil is between 6 to 8 tonnes per acre, but it ranges from 26 to 35 tonnes per acre in coco peats,” Link: http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/karnataka/coloured-capsicum-is-the-flavour-of-the-season/article5668435.ece

I am wondering where our esteemed poster has got the yields of up to 200MT. Is he looking for any consulting gigs, I am not sure.

And calculating an income of 20Lakh/acre/season is at best misleading and is at best blind leading the blind and at worst knowingly misleading gullible farmers.

The figures from authoritative sites do not tally with what the poster is quoting.

Otherwise a farmer with a mere one acre will be earning 20Lakhs/season and he will be even richer than a software engineer. Has anybody come across any farmer who is having only one acre earning 20Lakhs/season. Please do not quote one off season where somebody earned much. The earning has to be consistent.

I am quoting only from proper government websites or authorities, where the yields are calculated based on stringent Research and Development and request all the forum member to follow only those figures and not from any Tom, Dick and Harry, quoting some unimaginable figures for some reasons harder to fathom or reason with.

Moderator: Please curb these malpractices in the bud. I came across similar misleading posts in some other forums and gullible farmers paying sky high costs for so-called consultations.
 

ramu1970

New Member
Thank You Ram , also how long organic mulch can with stand , can it be used crop after crop .This include the same cost are it vary from Plastic mulching ..
The organic mulch is something like paddy straw, banana trash , or groundnut husk or sugarcane trash ..It keeps standing in the field for about 6 months or one year depending on the duration of the crop for which the organic mulch is first applied . Then during land preparation for subsequent crops the decomposed or partially decomposed organic mulch is ploughed inside the soil and it finally becomes soil organic matter and mineralized into the soil ..Almost 2 MT of organic mulch is needed per acre .It is cheaper source of mulching between Rs.1001-2000 / acre ..where as plastic mulching sheet cost is about Rs.4500 - 5000 / acre based on the running meter of the planted rows ..and this plastic mulch sheet can be retained for entire crop duration for about one year or if thickness of plastic mulch is more and being used for annual crop like Moringa or something like that, the plastic mulching sheet can be retained unto 3 years intact with minimum damage
 

darsan_

New Member
The organic mulch is something like paddy straw, banana trash , or groundnut husk or sugarcane trash ..It keeps standing in the field for about 6 months or one year depending on the duration of the crop for which the organic mulch is first applied . Then during land preparation for subsequent crops the decomposed or partially decomposed organic mulch is ploughed inside the soil and it finally becomes soil organic matter and mineralized into the soil ..Almost 2 MT of organic mulch is needed per acre .It is cheaper source of mulching between Rs.1001-2000 / acre ..where as plastic mulching sheet cost is about Rs.4500 - 5000 / acre based on the running meter of the planted rows ..and this plastic mulch sheet can be retained for entire crop duration for about one year or if thickness of plastic mulch is more and being used for annual crop like Moringa or something like that, the plastic mulching sheet can be retained unto 3 years intact with minimum damage

Ohhh ,Thank you for enlighting me .. Can i have your Contact num ,also can i visit your farm sometime , i am here in Hyderbad .my contact info -7034512569
 

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