Quotes tissue culture plantation and crop rotation key to profitable farming
Change in the farming methodology and technique turns the fortune towards prosperity and growth from debt and misery. It is not a fairy tale story instead the reality of Mr. Ram Saran Verma, farmer in Daulatpur village, Barabanki district, Uttar Pradesh. Inspite of being a school dropout, he is earning in figures that would make any reputed institute’s pass-out very insecure! He received 6 acres farmland as ancestral property and was doing the farming in the routine manner as practiced in his vicinity. Practically there were no Earnings! Then he read an article that farmers in Maharashtra and Karnataka state are earning handful profits with banana cultivation so he set on self-planned journey. He shares his learning and application of knowledge that brought remarkable change in his life. Excerpts:
I visited different farmers’ farm, they all were primarily growing G9 tissue culture banana and were acquiring gainful returns. I decided to give the crop a try for one season and sourced the plants from Bhusawal, Maharashtra. I planted the crop in one acre and attained profits of Rs. 4 lakh. With consistent returns I went on expanding the plantation.
I observed in tissue culture plants, one single bunch yields 250-300 bananas exactly same in size, premium quality and uniformly ripens. In addition I always look for better variety than the previous season. In this way I have best banana variety in my farm. I always ensure to identify the mother plant myself then give it to the lab for developing the culture plants. Mother plant is selected based on the three criteria viz healthy growth of the plant, disease/pest resistant and fruit with good pulp.
Another vital factor for success in farming is to practice crop rotation. Presently I am doing farming in 150 acres for banana, potato and tomato. If one crop fails then other two safeguards my farms from complete loss. It is good for enriching the soil fertility too. After harvesting banana, potato is grown in the same area then there is no need for any fertilizer as banana makes the soil rich in nutrients essential for wheat productivity. After harvesting potato wheat is grown. Farmer needs to understand the crops sown in his farmland soil and proceed accordingly.
Further with experience I have developed few techniques for every crop plantation to increase the yield. In banana, 3000 saplings are planted in one acre keeping the distance 6 feet between row-row. After the first harvest the plant is cut at neck height and fertilizer application is reduced to half against recommended doses. Also 10 kg per plant higher fruiting can be attained when the trunks are removed from the base of the harvest. The technique is referred as short duration banana ratooning.
In potato, distance between row-row is maintained as 28 inches while tuber-tuber is 6 inches. Every tuber weighs roughly around 50 gm and is cultivated 8-9 inches deep down the soil. Following this rule, in one acre 32 thousand tubers are sown. The production obtained is close to 250-300 quintal/acre. Kufri Pukharaj, Kufri Bahar, Sona varieties are potato are grown in the farm.
8000 tomato hybrid saplings are cultivated in one acre. I grow all hybrid varieties that yield 400 quintal/acre. Farmer must do a trail of the crop in 3-4 varieties on his farm. Subsequently based on the quality and quantity of the yield he must select the respective variety for commercial farming. Trial is a must-to-do activity!
Experiments should be inseparable part of the farmer’s life. He needs to plan his farm well to boost quality and quantity of the crops. To earn bountiful from the soil it is mandatory farmer turns himself into committed on-field scientist to know his soil and crop to the core!
(As told to Shweta Dhanuka)
Mr. Ram Sharan Verma
Vill & Post : Daulatpur, Zaidpur, Dist :Barabanki, Uttar Pradesh – 225414, India
Mobile : +91-9839376028, +91-9415142408
Email : firstname.lastname@example.org