Gerbera cultivation in polyhouse

In modern hi-tech method gerberas are grown in polyhouses. The quality of flowers produced is superior, because inside climate or micro-climate such as temperature, humidity, light, ventilation etc is controlled.

gerbera_11With changing life styles and increased urban affluence, floriculture has assumed a definite commercial status in recent times and during the past 2-3 decades particularly. Appreciation of the potential of commercial floriculture has resulted in the blossoming of this field into a viable agri-business option.

Availability of natural resources like diverse agro-climatic conditions permit production of a wide range of temperate and tropical flowers, almost all through the year in some part of the country or other. Improved communication facilities have increased their availability in every part of the country. The commercial activity of production and marketing of floriculture products is also a source of gainful and quality employment to scores of people.

Cultivation practices of gerbera
Soil/media : Optimum soil pH should be between 5.5 and 6.5 to get maximum efficiency in absorption of nutrients.  The soil should be highly porous and well drained to have better root growth and better penetration of roots.

Bed preparation : In general, gerberas are grown on raised of size 2 ft. width, 1.5 ft. height and desirable length beds to assist in easier movement and better drainage. Pathways of 1 ft. in maintained after every bed. The beds for planting should be highly porous, well drained and airy. Organic manure is recommended to improve soil texture and to provide nutrition gradually.

Add single super phosphate (0:20:0) @ 2.5 kg per 100 sq.ft. for better root establishment and MgS04 @ 0.5 kg per 100 sq.ft. to take care of deficiency of Mg.

Disinfection of soil
Before plantation of Gerbera plants, disinfection of soil is absolutely necessary for getting rid of the fungus Phytophthora which is a menace to gerbera culture. It is done by
i) Covering the soil with plastic for 6-8 weeks
ii)   Chemical – Using methyl bromide @ 7.5 – 16 lit. per 100 sq.m. or by formalin 450 ml per sq.m. and covering with plastic sheet for two weeks. After sterilizing and subsequent washing out of the soil, it is advised to wait for 2 weeks before plantation.
[hidepost]
Polyhouse structure
Height of the polyhouse – 3.5 -4m i.e. 11-13 feet; sufficient ventilation space is required on top and sides; approximately 400 w/m2 light intensity is required on the plant level and is provided with 50-70 per cent shade net; the ideal temperature for gerbera flower initiation is 23°C and for leaf unfolding is 25- 27°C; the optimum humidity should be 80-85 per cent, which will maintain the health of the plants.

Planting
While planting gerbera plants, the crowns of plants should be 1-2 cm above soil level. Plant the seedlings without distributing the root-ball.
Generally, two rows should be planted on one bed at 37.5 cm distance between the rows and 30 cm distance between the plants in one row
i) Water quality should be as follows: a) PH: 6.5-7.0 b) EC-0.5- 1 ms/cm.
ii) Immediately after plantation, irrigate the plant with overhead micro-sprinklers for four weeks to enable uniform root development.
iii) The water requirement of gerbera plant can be approximately 700 m/lit. per plant per day. In hot summer foggers can be utilized to maintain the humidity of the air.
iv) Unit the first flowers are produced, irrigation can be done with overhead micro-sprinklers. Thereafter irrigation is through drippers.
v) The relative humidity of air should not exceed 90-92 per cent, as it will lead to deformity of flowers.

Fertigation
i) After plantation, apply N:P:K 20:20:20 @ 1.5 gms/lit. every 2 days for first three months during the vegetative phase to have better foliage,
ii) Once flowering commences, start N:P:K 15:8:35 @ 1.5 gms/lit. for more flowers and better flower quality on day-to-day basis.
iii) Micronutrients should be given weekly or fortnightly as per the deficiency symptoms.

Intercultural operations
Leaf servicing and loosening of soil were performed to maintain the health of plants.

Plant protection
Spraying of pesticide or fungicide as and when required.

Harvesting
i) Gerbera is a 30 months crop. The first flowers are produced 7-8 weeks after plantation. The average yield is 200 flowers per sq.meter (6-7 plants).
ii) The flowers are harvested when 2-3 whorls of stamens have entirely been developed.
iii) Pluck the flowers in the morning or late in the evening or during the day when temperature is low.
iv) Cut the heel of the stem by giving an angular cut.
v) Immediately put the flowers in water after harvesting for four hours.

Packaging and marketing
After harvesting, flowers were sorted according to stem length, size of bud into different grades and colour of flowers. Each flower is covered with plastic bag so that there should be damage to stamens, to avoid the damage to” stem during transportation flowers are packed into 10 flowers per bunch and tied by rubber band and packed in CFB boxes. Packing is done separately for different grades.

Transportation
After grading and packing flower are sent to different markets by bus, tempo, trains etc. The care, loading charges and packing charges are borne by the producer.

Method of sale
All gerbera flower growers can sell their majority of produce directly to commission agents cum flower wholesalers at nearest markets. Some of the farmers sell their produce to local market, but quantity disposed by them is comparatively very low.

Source : AIS Research Team
For further information contact www.vcs.in

Planting Time : Planting can be done round the year but preferably during September-October. The plants should be left undisturbed for 2 years for flower production (no separation of clumps). Treating plants with GA3 (100 ppm) results in early flowering having long stems.
Temperature   : The temperature during day time should be 16-200C and 120C during nights.
Cultivars : Jaffa, Sangria, Rosula, Oprab, Romona, Salina, Tecora and Starlight.
Harvesting : The harvesting stage is critical as the flowers should not be cut before the outer row of flowers show pollen, or the flowers will wilt and close at night.
Storage : Optimum storage temperature (wet) for gerbera is 40C. The flowers could be stored efficiently up to 4 weeks.
Yield  : Most modern cultivars of gerbera yield 250-300 good quality flowers/m2/year.
Marketing : These flowers are produced for export purpose and also for domestic market. Since cutflowers are of specific type and produced in polyhouses they are fresh and tender and since they are produced for specific purpose, great care is needed in their marketing viz. packing, handling, storage and transport. There should be minimum handling and transport should be quick with cooling and refrigeration facility.

Economics of Gebera in  1000 sq.m polyhouse (1/4 acre)

I.Capital Investment:

1. Poly House Construction @Rs.450/sq mt    Rs.4,50,000/
2. Irrigation expenses                Rs.2,00,000/-
3. Sprayer                    Rs.30,000/-
Total one time investment             Rs.6,80,000/- (A)

II.Cultivation Expenses:

1. Planting materials 7000plants @Rs. 30/plant     Rs.2,10,000/-
2. Bed Preperation                Rs.37,500/-
3. Fertilisers and pesticides            Rs.75,000/-
4. Labour                     Rs..1,00,000/-
5. Packing & forwarding @ 10paise per flower    Rs.21,000/-
Total expenses first year            Rs.4,43,500.00(B)

IIISecond year to  fourth  Expenses
Rs. 2,33.500.00 x 3                 Rs.7,00,500.00(C)

IV.Average   Yield  30 flowers/plant /year    2,10,000

V.  Average rate per flower @ Rs. 3.50        Rs.7,35,000.00
VII. Total income for 4 years             Rs.29,40,000.00(D)

VIII. Total Expenses A+B+C               Rs. 11,24,000.00(E)

IX. Gross profit at the end of 4th year    Rs.18,16,000.00

Second year the farmer gets bback his investment From 3rd year he gets in ¼ acre every year around Rs. 5 Lkahs. Fifth year you have plant the new plants again.

Poly house can be intact for 20 years and above

Source : Agriculture & Industry Survey [/hidepost]

  • ERNEST J. RATNAYAKE

    We are interested in setting up a gerbera cultivation in Sri Lanka.

  • NITIN RAMESHCHANDRA

    I was just going through the artical on polyhouse cultivation of gerberas. I think there is a major fault in the calculations as given above. Goint to section VIII, Total expenses A + B + C, it should read Rs. 18,24,000-00 instead of Rs. 11,24,000-00. Hence the entire profit etc reflected is totally wrong. Is it possible to actually send the correct projected report to my e-mail: nitinrameshchandra@rediffmail.com and oblige. I actually want to set up a unit to grow gerberas at Hyderabad and am quite keen to get the correct figures. Nitin Rameswhchandra.

  • sunil menon kizhuveetil

    I have 25 acres of land nr palani ,tamil nadu.
    I would like to know will it possible for me to cultivate gerbera in this area.
    ia there good market nr coimbtore areas
    please let me know
    my mail is sunilmenon16@yahoo.co.in

  • sudeep jugran

    I would like to know will it possible for me to cultivate gerbera in this area.
    ia there good market nr dehradun good doctor areas
    please let me know
    i m 38 sudeep jugran if u have good team so help me dear

  • Mr. Nitin Bowlekar

    Dear, I am keenly interested to Cultivate Gerbera in Konkan (Malvan). Please let me know if it is possible for me to do so. Also send me the detail information regarding the procedures of production and approximate estimation of investments/ capital required for it. Also let me know if I can get subsidy/ grant from government for this business and could you suggest some names of government institutions who lend the same. I am residing in Mumbai currently, but m planning to start up this business as soon as possible.

  • veera reddy

    i want to set up gerbera cultivation in warangal andhrapradesh

  • Ayanthi Madumali

    I am going to start a gerbera plantation in poly house. I would like to know from you about What are the best points to have a good amount of healthy fllowers.

  • Dilbag Singh

    I am going to start Gerbera farming in Dehra Dun [uttarakhand]kindly guide me

  • satya

    good evening sir/mam

    i would like to start gerbera cultivation in rajahmundry in andhara pradesh. so can i cultivate in this area or not,please give me your valuable suggestion for this sir.

    From where can i buy this gerbera seeds in india sir.
    thank u.

  • Mahesh Chaudhari

    I want to cultivation in gujarat.It is possible or not.or how to handle the prosdures in agriculture

  • PATIL PADMAKAR BHASKARRAO

    PLEAS EXPLAIN HOW TO CULTIVATION GERBERA

  • Ramesh

    Call me 9963756567 for Gerbara Cultivation (complete setup). We have experts.

  • ramcharan

    iam intrest in gerbera cultivation from hyderabad

  • http://wwwFacebook.com.s.chetankumar Chetan

    Hi my name is chetan and interested to do Gerbera cultivation in partnership so interested people please contact through mail my is chetan84friend@gmail.com

  • http://wwwFacebook.com.s.chetankumar Chetan

    Its me chetan once again I am from bangalore

  • http://- Bellamkonda Nageswara Rao

    Hi my name is B.N. Rao and interested to do Gerbera cultivation in partnership so interested people please contact through mail my is bnrao1960@yahoo.com (Mob: 09966345444 @ 09966234667)

  • uday

    Hi i m uday. interested to do Gerbera cultivation in partnership. interested people please contact 9886855236

  • Shibu.L.V

    I would like to start Gerbera cultivation inside naturaly wentilated polyhouse In trivanrum,Kerala.Is it possible.I have some doubts in Temperature and humidity

  • Shibu.L.V

    I would like to start Gerbera cultivation inside naturaly wentilated polyhouse In trivandrum,Kerala.Is it possible.I have some doubts in Temperature and humidity.Is there any ways to control temperature and humidity

  • K.P.Satheesh

    sir,
    i am living in anantapur ,(a.p} i want to grow gerbera flowers in poly house system. please give some suggetions in this regard

  • Amarinder Singh

    I want to grow gerbera in polyhouse in punjab, the temperature extremes stretch from 40 to 2 c. please advise whether it can withstand such extremes. thanks

  • Kusum Silva

    Now I am start a gerbera plantation in poly house. I would like to know from you about What are the best points to have a good amount of healthy fllowers.

    Rgds/Kusum

  • vasavi

    Hello sir
    I am new to agriculture. I am very interested in floriculture specially cultivating Gerbera(in poly house or in farm land).Please give me detailed information about it and also whether it is suitable to grow in weat godavari ,Andhra Pradesh.

  • Yashwant koyande

    Dear, I am interested to Cultivate Gerbera in Konkan Devgad Sindhudurga. Please let me know if it is possible for me to do so. Also send me the detail information regarding the procedures of production and approximate estimation of investments/ capital required for it. Also let me know if I can get subsidy/ grant from government for this business and could you suggest some names of government institutions who lend the same. Also suggest how to sale Gerbera.I am residing in Mumbai currently, but m planning to start up this business as soon as possible.

  • Shaikh Muzzaffar

    Dear Sir,

    I am new to Agriculture and I am Interested to Cultivate Gerbera in Kankavali Sindhudurgh (Maharashtra). Please send me the detail information regarding the procedures of production and approximate estimation of investments/ capital required for it. Pls Brief me about the market for the same.I am residing in Mumbai currently.

    Waiting for a prompt revert from your end

    Thanks & Regards

  • vikas

    ya i hav intrest on cultivation of gerbera flowers(poly house )…. hyderabad andhra pradesh …. plz give me information …. about cost and subsidy

  • Bhushan

    Hi sir,I am from near Pune I have very nice place for cultivating gerbera plantation but I have nothing about it so please tell me about it’s budge thanxt for 1 acor or any polyhouse information near Pune

  • Ravikiran.k

    hi sir, i have intrest on cultivation of gerbera flowers(poly house )….vizag
    andhra pradesh …. plz give me information …. about cost and subsidy

  • prakash patil

    i am prkash patil thane i investment Gerbera farming

  • sandesh

    hi sir i agri with this post but only big farmer invest in this plan and cultivate gerbera but what about small farmer, any bank finance for it or government give subsidy for it. pls rpy me

  • Amol Bhise

    Dear, I am interested to Cultivate Gerbera in Tal -Karmala -Solapur , . Please let me know if it is possible for me to do so. Also send me the detail information regarding the procedures of production and approximate estimation of investments/ capital required for it. Also let me know if I can get subsidy/ grant from government for this business and could you suggest some names of government institutions who lend the same. Also suggest how to sale Gerbera.I am residing in Pune currently, but m planning to start up this business as soon as possible.My Email ID : amolbhise87@gmail.com

  • p.s.nathan

    for 1000sq wet , I want to set up poly house for gerbera production.
    Are you a consultant?
    IF yes, tell me about your experience and your scope & offer.
    I am near Chennai about 40 km.

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Koyande Saheb,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID. Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi
    Manager-Technical Support
    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Sir,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID. Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Sir,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID? Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Sir,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID. Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Sir,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID? Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Sir,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID. Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Dear Sir,

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID? Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677

  • http://www.risenshine.in Abhijit D. Joshi

    Good morning!

    May I have your Contact number and Email ID? Our company Rise n’ Shine Biotech Pvt. Ltd., Pune is supplier of tissue culture plants of gerbera and provides all technical guidance by field visits.

    Awaiting for your response.

    Abhijit D. Joshi

    Manager-Technical Support

    +91 95 5252 1677