Sandalwood is the name for several fragrantwoods. From the Sanskritcandanam the name is borrowed as the Greek sandanon. The local name in Indonesia and Malaysia is "Cendana" (pronounced approximately /tʃəndаna/ in IPA). In Kannada it is Sri Gandha and in Hindi it is Chandan (Chondon in Bengali or other Indian languages). In Tamil it is called "Chandhanam". In the strict sense these are woods yielded by trees in the genus Santalum, used often for their essential oil. These are yellowish woods, heavy (just short of sinking in water) and fine-grained. Sandalwood has been valued for thousands of years for its fragrance, carving, and various purported medicinal qualities. Occasionally other oil-yielding woods (from unrelated trees) are also indicated as "sandalwoods" such as Amyris balsamifera, also known as West Indian sandalwood. The tree is native to Central and South America and the Caribbean. Most commercially available amyris oil is distilled in Haiti.
Santalum album, or Indian sandalwood, is currently a threatened species and consequently very expensive. In India it grows on the western ghats. In Hindu rituals chandan paste, prepared from the wood of the chandan tree, has occupied an important position of puja materials since antiquity. On the forehead, a tilaka (mark) of Chandan paste is applied during pujas. Deities representing violent attributes are often smeared with chandan paste to cool them down.Although all sandalwood trees in India and Nepal are government-owned and their harvest is strictly controlled, many trees are illegally cut down and smuggled out of the country. Sandalwood essential oil prices have risen up to $1000-1500 per kg in the last 5 years. Some countries regard the sandal oil trade as ecologically harmful because it encourages the overharvesting of sandalwood trees. Sandalwood from Mysore region of Karnataka, Southern India is widely considered to be of the highest quality available. New plantations have been set up with international aid in Tamilnadu in order to facilitate the economic benefits of sandalwood. Today, in Kununurra in Western Australia, Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) is being grown on a very large scale. Huge plantations surround this picturesque little town.
Santalum ellipticum, known as Hawaiian sandalwood ( ‘iliahi alo‘e ), was also used and deemed of high quality. Its overexploitation stopped barely short of its extinction
Santalum spicatum(Australian sandalwood) is used by some aromatherapists and perfumers. The concentration of constituent chemicals in its essential oil - and hence, its aroma - differ considerably from those of other Santalum species. In the 1840’s, sandalwood was Western Australia’s biggest export earner. Oil was distilled for the first time in 1875, and by the turn of the century, there was intermittent production of Australian sandalwood oil
Last edited by sampadafarms; February 24th, 2009 at 01:35 PM.
This is kishore from chennai, I want to know the planting details and method of growing . and cost of the plants each. In one acre how many Plants we can plant ..
Thanks & Regards
Dear Mr.Kishore, Can we have your contact information. Please send your e mail, address, mobile/landline phone nos. to email@example.com I am available on 0 9848203647. Please contact me for the details you require.
Organized Sandalwood, Mango and teakwood Farm @ Rs 250 per SqYd - Vikarabad
• Gated farming with in-house swimming pool and bamboo cottages.
• Project being managed by renowned Scientists & Biologists having 40+ years of exp.
• 300 sandalwood, 100 mango and 50 teakwood per acre
• Project approved for claimable insurance of 4.5 crores INR per acre.
• Project planned with all contingency planning such as
1) Organic pest management preparation
2) Rain Water harvesting management system
3) Ground water recharging management.
4) Windmill for alternate dependency on electricity.
• Adaptation of cutting edge technology for crop protection.
• Land ownership in the name of investor giving complete control of investment.
• Minimum investment requires is as low as 3 lakhs.
Available in 1200 SqYds, 2400 Sq Yds and 4800 SqYds
Last edited by moderator A; May 12th, 2012 at 07:17 PM.
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