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Thread: Wanted more info. on soil-less agriculture system.

  1. #1

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    Default Wanted more info. on soil-less agriculture system.

    I wish to know more about soil-less agriculture system and their case studies.

    Regards,

    Avinash Mathur
    mathur.avinash@gmail.com

  2. #2
    Ashwini's Avatar
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    Hi avinash

    Soil-less culture is generally called as hydroponics. here is some information about hydroponics ...........

    What is hydroponics ? >
    The term “hydro-ponics” comes from the Greek words for water and work. It literally means "let the water do the work". Modern applications began in 1930`s. Today, hydroponics commonly refers to growing plants without soil.

    Plants do not necessarily need soil, they need mineral elements, water, air, light and warmth. In hydroponics the mineral elements are added to the water to form a nutrient solution which feeds the plants.

    This technology has a tremendous future.
    Someday most of our food may well be grown without soil. Thousands of commercial greenhouses around the world use hydroponic systems for growing tomatoes, lettuce and other vegetable crops. Many of those vegetables find their way onto our supermarket shelves.

    There are two main categories of hydroponic systems

    The active system uses a pump to irrigate the gardens, the passive depends on capillary action or wick absorption.
    Passive systems are not recommended for larger areas. One can achieve good results with house-plants or small salad gardens. However, the rate of growth, ease of maintenance, and overall yield will be very disappointing in bigger gardens or if one is growing vegetables, such as tomatoes. Passive systems are great to start seeds, root cuttings and to get new seedlings going.
    In active hydroponic systems a nutrient solution is pumped from a reservoir onto the plants. Most modern active systems recirculate the nutrient solution.
    There are four main types of active systems:
    Drip irrigation
    Ebb and Flow
    Nutrient film technique (NFT)
    Aeroponics

    Drip irrigation
    A submersible water pump pushes the nutrient solution from a central reservoir into irrigation tubes where it drips onto the growing medium, drains through it and returns to the main reservoir tank. The emitter regulates how much drips onto each plant. Drip irrigation can be used for commercial applications as well as for house plants.

    Ebb and Flow
    The nutrient solution is pumped from a central reservoir into the growing medium, temporarily flooding it. The pump is timed, then turned off in order to allow the solution to flow back into the reservoir. Normally a fewl short irrigation cycles are needed a day, more frequent flooding cycles are required on hot days or for large, fast-growing plants. The “ebb and flow” system is one of the easiest hydroponic methods to work with and is commonly used in large commercial installations.

    Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)
    NFT has gained quite some success among commercial greenhouse operators as well as among first-time home gardeners. The roots simply hang in a trough, through which a film of nutrient solution flows constantly. The plants can be supported from above, can be rooted in small plant cubes or can be grown through holes in the trough covering. Some NFT systems use small mesh pots filled with clay pellets to support the plants and to retain moisture around the roots which also avoids that the roots dry out.

    Aeroponics
    The roots simply hang in the air or inside grow tunnels and are provided with a nutrient solution through a high power pump. There are a number of new systems on the market that provide excellent growth results.

    When the system drains the clay pebbles do not compact. They are stable in shape and structure, allowing excess moisture to drain and fresh oxygen to sip in.

    Source:http://www.oekotau.com/

    Regards
    Ashwini

  3. #3

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    Dear Sir

    According to Indian resources soil is not a limiting factor. But even you are interested in Soil less culture ,it is nothing but hydroponics.

    As for as India is concerned more than hydrophonics ,if at all soil becomes a limiting factor,you can go for weight less soil culture which are highly usable in terrace garden.

    If you are interested in weightless soil culture I can give the information after your reply.


    Regards
    Surya narmada

  4. #4

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    Mathura,
    Due to the heavy construction and population the soil or land is limiting factor today. there is very small land holdling today we have. govt senerio for last yr tells that only avg. 1.5 ha. so there is trend like you said. soil less farming. soil less farming comparises media other than soil for growth there are different types used for farming. our ancent uses soil as growth medium for agriculture. like wise there are number of methods and media for production. of which one is explianed by Ashwini as water. and another you can use any material that can be easily available at your place and also having the growth property that means it should have some water holding capacity, microbial content, so you may use the wooden powder for growth. it can does well try it. and such useful items are in huge quantity in india.

  5. #5

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    Dear Avinash,
    You can go through the following books:

    1. Hydroponic Food Production by Howard M. Resh, Woodbridge Press Publishing Company, Santa Barbara, CA 93160.

    2. A Guide for the Hydroponic & Soilless Culture Grower by J. Benton Jones, Jr., Timber Press, POB 1631, Beaverton OR 97075.

    or u can visit the website:
    http://www.comhydro.com

    ___________________________
    himangshu

  6. #6

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    Dear Sir

    As far as India is concerned you can use the ph neutralized compressed coir pith dust(Commonly known as cocopeat) as a weightless soil medium . now it is available in the form of growbags.

    If you need more details in this aspect I can give the information.

    Regards
    Surya Narmada

  7. #7

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    Mar 2008
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    Default hyddrophonics

    can any one tell me where i can purchase hyrdophonic nutrients
    in India

    dakshina

  8. #8

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    Sep 2008
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    Default Hydroponics

    can any one tell me where i can purchase hyrdophonic nutrients
    in kolkata. India

  9. #9

    Join Date
    Jul 2006
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    Default soil less culture

    YouTube - Broadcast Yourself.

    Click on the above link. You will almost become an expert in hydroponics

    Vasudevan

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