Ostrich farming is an opportunity in India. At present the ostrich meat ranks highest among health foods in Europe. Ostrich a large flightless hardy bird of African origin can survive in temperatures ranging from two degrees to fifty degrees Celsius. It can be reared on barren land and mainly consumes Alfa-alfa, Lucerne and water.
Male ostriches are black, with white wings and tail. The white feathers of the male, which are large and soft, are the ostrich plumes of commercial value. The female is dull greyish brown. The males are polygamous, and move with three or four females or in groups of four or five males accompanied by mates and young ones. The females lay their yellowish white eggs together in a single large depression in the sand. The eggs weigh about 1.48 kg. each and have a volume of about 1.4 liters. The male sits on them at night and the female incubates them by day. The life expectancy is about 60-70 years.
The first organised ostrich farm was established for feathers in about 1863 in Karoo and Eastern Cape region of South Africa.
Advantages of Ostrich farming
The bird can be reared in paddock alongwith sheep, goat and cattle.
ii. The birds need no dipping, drenching, milking and shearing.
iii. The adaptability of the bird is equally high on annual and perennial pastures or scrub.
iv. The bird can be reared both in hot and freezing temperatures.
v. The bird has shown high sustainability in irrigated as well as rainfed farming environments.
vi. There is virtually no waste products in the bird.
vii. The size of the farm is not a limiting factor.
viii. The added value segments all along the products is very high.
The limiting factors that can be prudently managed are :
i. High capital investments for setting up of the farms.
ii. The markets for meat and its byproducts are not easily accessible.
iii. The high penalties for slaughtering older birds (20 months and above) in the European countries.
iv. The birds are potential and vulnerable for avian disorders particularly for Newcastle disease.
A beginning has been made to promote ostrich farms in India through Indo-French Seminar on “Advanced Food Technology and Ostrich Farming” organised on 25 February 1997 at Bangalore by Greater Mysore, Chamber of Industry (GMCI) in association with Karnataka Agro Industries Corporation (KAIC), and was co-sponsored by Indian Overseas Bank.
Social Life ------------- 1 male for 2 females
Duration of life ------------- 70 years
Breeding years ------------- 30 years
Laying -------------- 60 eggs average per breeding
Fattening birds --------------30 (12 months)
Egg weight --------------- 1.6 kg (24 hen eggs weight)
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Thank you for the information from your side it not only helps me but for also our farmers who like to start farming. Aswini I,m swaroop from Bangalore who is into exports n is a crazy pet lover.I don't want to kill those innocent pets but my friend I need 2 birds just for rearing them in my farm.I have 8 emu birds,12 dogs,20 love birds,30 cows,5 buffaloes,40 cats,i have emu eggs which i need them to be hatched.please can u arrange.I'll be very thankfull my friend.
Last edited by Ritika; January 17th, 2009 at 11:30 AM.
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