Last week i read an article about the dye yielding tree called Pathimugam whose cultivation is economically attractive. The only hitch is one has to wait for 8 yrs before harvesting the wood for dye after which harvesting can be done every 4 yrs. Can anyone throw more light on this tree, the market for it or any other detail relating to this tree?
The water kept in Caesalpinia sappan Linn. (Sappan lignum) heartwood is being used in Kerala as herbal drinking water for its antithirst, blood purifying, antidiabetic, improvement of complexion and several other properties.
The plant is also being used worldwide for a large number of traditional medicinal purposes.
Modern day research confirms its cytotoxic, antitumor, antimicrobial, antiviral, immunostimulant and several other activities. Several triterpenoids, flavonoids, oxygen heterocycles, etc. were isolated.
Brazilin is found to be the main constituent of the plant responsible for several of its biological activities.
The use of heartwood as a colouring agent for wine, meat, fabric, etc. is well established.
It has the potential to hit the market as a safe natural colouring agent with good medicinal value for food products, beverages and pharmaceuticals.
Spacing : 5.5 feet
Organic manure is used
Upto 6 months watering is necessary.
One acre will accomodate 1500 plants
No fertilizer studies and only grown organically
Allow to grow as a single stem
Can be grown as a fence crop also
Prune the branches periodically
Can be grown to a height of 15 m
Seventh year - centre of the trunk ripes
Cut the stem and cover the cut end with plastic
From fourth year onwards harvesting can be done but commercial harvesting after seven years.
Life is upto 50 years
Average yield of inner pulp :
Average market price : Rs 50/kg
For further details contact
The Farming Trust of India
BPL koottupatha Junction
Maruthar Road P.O
Palakkad - 678007
Ph: 0491 - 23090229
PATHIMUGAM OR EAST Indian red wood is a fast growing, dye yielding and medicinal tree variety, which is suitable for raising in drought prone regions.
The most important part of the tree is the heartwood, which is used for making woodcrafts and for extracting dyes, used as a colouring agent for mats, woollen and cotton fabrics.
The bark and pods of the tree contain a red dye, which is used for colouring cakes and alcoholic drinks. In addition, the wood contains several medicinal properties and is used for treating dysentry, diarrhoea and skin diseases in alternative systems of medicine.
The tree, propagated by seeds, comes to harvest in about 7-8 years. Flowering season is during April-December and the flowers are golden yellow in colour.
They must be planted in cubical pits of 90x90x90 cm covered with about 3kg of farmyard manure and soil.
The plants should be planted in a straight line at a spacing of about 5x5 feet between them. About 1,500 seedlings are required for planting in one acre.During the initial stages, the seedlings must be irrigated once every 5-7 days for the first 6 months. The trees attain maturity in about 7-8 years after which they can be harvested.
A full-grown tree attains a height of about 8 feet.
Farmers should cut the side branches of the tree as and when required to promote faster growth.
While harvesting, care should be taken to see that a small portion of the stem (about one foot) is left above ground level.
The cut end of the stem should be covered with plastic bags to enable the tree to grown again.
The first harvest can be done during the 7th or 8th year and from one tree about 80 kg of wood can be obtained. At present one kg of wood is sold at Rs.50 and farmers can expect an income of Rs.4,000 from a single tree,
From one acre, about Rs. 60 lakh be expected as a net income, with a minimal investment of Rs.15,000 which includes land preparation, manure and labour cost.
Is the market for pathimugam big enough? Is there a buyback arrangement given that the wood is got after 8 years of planting which is a very big risk for the investor as the business dynamics could change unless there is enough demand and buyback arrangement.