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Thread: Sappan wood/ Pathimugam

  1. #1

    Join Date
    Jun 2006
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    Default Sappan wood/ Pathimugam

    Hi All,
    Last week i read an article about the dye yielding tree called Pathimugam whose cultivation is economically attractive. The only hitch is one has to wait for 8 yrs before harvesting the wood for dye after which harvesting can be done every 4 yrs. Can anyone throw more light on this tree, the market for it or any other detail relating to this tree?
    regards,
    vinay

  2. #2

    Join Date
    Aug 2005
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    Dear Sir

    English name : Sappan wood

    Malayalam : padimugam

    The water kept in Caesalpinia sappan Linn. (Sappan lignum) heartwood is being used in Kerala as herbal drinking water for its antithirst, blood purifying, antidiabetic, improvement of complexion and several other properties.


    The plant is also being used worldwide for a large number of traditional medicinal purposes.

    Modern day research confirms its cytotoxic, antitumor, antimicrobial, antiviral, immunostimulant and several other activities. Several triterpenoids, flavonoids, oxygen heterocycles, etc. were isolated.

    Brazilin is found to be the main constituent of the plant responsible for several of its biological activities.

    The use of heartwood as a colouring agent for wine, meat, fabric, etc. is well established.

    It has the potential to hit the market as a safe natural colouring agent with good medicinal value for food products, beverages and pharmaceuticals.


    Agro techniques:

    Spacing : 5.5 feet

    Organic manure is used

    Upto 6 months watering is necessary.

    One acre will accomodate 1500 plants

    No fertilizer studies and only grown organically

    Allow to grow as a single stem

    Can be grown as a fence crop also

    Prune the branches periodically

    Can be grown to a height of 15 m

    Seventh year - centre of the trunk ripes

    Cut the stem and cover the cut end with plastic

    From fourth year onwards harvesting can be done but commercial harvesting after seven years.

    Life is upto 50 years

    Average yield of inner pulp :

    80 kg/tree

    Average market price : Rs 50/kg

    For further details contact


    The Farming Trust of India
    BPL koottupatha Junction
    Maruthar Road P.O
    Palakkad - 678007
    Kerala
    Ph: 0491 - 23090229

    Regards
    surya Narmata

  3. #3
    kirti s's Avatar
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    Jan 2006
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    Hello Sir

    PATHIMUGAM OR EAST Indian red wood is a fast growing, dye yielding and medicinal tree variety, which is suitable for raising in drought prone regions.

    The most important part of the tree is the heartwood, which is used for making woodcrafts and for extracting dyes, used as a colouring agent for mats, woollen and cotton fabrics.

    The bark and pods of the tree contain a red dye, which is used for colouring cakes and alcoholic drinks. In addition, the wood contains several medicinal properties and is used for treating dysentry, diarrhoea and skin diseases in alternative systems of medicine.

    The tree, propagated by seeds, comes to harvest in about 7-8 years. Flowering season is during April-December and the flowers are golden yellow in colour.

    Planting details
    They must be planted in cubical pits of 90x90x90 cm covered with about 3kg of farmyard manure and soil.
    The plants should be planted in a straight line at a spacing of about 5x5 feet between them. About 1,500 seedlings are required for planting in one acre.During the initial stages, the seedlings must be irrigated once every 5-7 days for the first 6 months. The trees attain maturity in about 7-8 years after which they can be harvested.
    A full-grown tree attains a height of about 8 feet.
    Farmers should cut the side branches of the tree as and when required to promote faster growth.
    While harvesting, care should be taken to see that a small portion of the stem (about one foot) is left above ground level.
    The cut end of the stem should be covered with plastic bags to enable the tree to grown again.

    The first harvest can be done during the 7th or 8th year and from one tree about 80 kg of wood can be obtained. At present one kg of wood is sold at Rs.50 and farmers can expect an income of Rs.4,000 from a single tree,
    From one acre, about Rs. 60 lakh be expected as a net income, with a minimal investment of Rs.15,000 which includes land preparation, manure and labour cost.


    Kirti

  4. #4

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    Jun 2006
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    Dear All,
    Is the market for pathimugam big enough? Is there a buyback arrangement given that the wood is got after 8 years of planting which is a very big risk for the investor as the business dynamics could change unless there is enough demand and buyback arrangement.
    regards,
    Vinay

  5. #5

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    Aug 2005
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    Dear Vinay

    To reduce this risk better go for contract farming with some legal agreement including arbitration clause. If not going for contract farming better try to get assured buyer on your own.

    Regards
    Surya Narmata

  6. #6
    kirti s's Avatar
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    Hello Sir

    There is demand for pathimugham as it is used as a dye as well as a Blood purifier and general health tonic.

    For more information contact the below concerned.

    ARAVINDH HERBALS INDIA (P) LTD
    30/1 Thamba Street,
    Rajapalayam - 626 117.
    Tamil Nadu, South India.
    Phone: 0091 4563 222 589, 0091 4563 31667
    E-mail: aravindhherbals@aravindhherbals.com

    Kirti

  7. #7

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    Jun 2006
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    Dear All,
    Thanks for all the inputs you have provided.
    regards,
    Vinay

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