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Thread: Anthocephalus kadamba

  1. #1

    Join Date
    Apr 2006

    Default Anthocephalus kadamba

    Dear sir,
    Anthocephalus kadamba is a quick growing tree with good quyality timber.We have planted some acerage and we have some more nursery plants also.
    We want to know some more informations on this Anthocephalus kadamba.

  2. #2
    kirti s's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jan 2006


    Anthocephalus cadamba Miq.

    Family : Rubiaceae

    Trade name : Kadam/Parvaty's Tree

    Sanskrit Name : Kadamba

    Telugu Name : Kadambamu

    Habit : Tree

    Propagation : Seeds

    Parts Used : Bark

    Uses : Tonic, Febrifuge


  3. #3

    Join Date
    Aug 2005


    Dear Sir

    Botany of Kadamba tree:

    Anthocephalus cadamba is a large tree with a broad crown and straight cylindrical bole.

    The tree: may reach a height of 45 m with trunk diameters of 100-(160) cm. The tree sometimes has small buttresses and a broad crown.

    The bark is grey, smooth in young trees, rough and longitudinally fissured in old trees.

    Leaves glossy green, opposite, simple more or less sessile to petiolate, ovate to elliptical (15-50 x 8-25 cm).

    Inflorescence in clusters; terminal globose heads without bracteoles, subsessile fragrant, orange or yellow flowers; Flowers bisexual, 5-merous, calyx tube funnel-shaped, corolla gamopetalous saucer-shaped with a narrow tube, the narrow lobes imbricate in bud.

    Stamens 5, inserted on the corolla tube, filaments short, anthers basifixed. Ovary inferior, bi-locular, sometimes 4-locular in the upper part, style exserted and a spindle-shaped stigma.

    Fruitlets numerous with their upper parts containing 4 hollow or solid structures. Seed trigonal or irregularly shaped.


    Food: The fruit and inflorescences are reportedly edible.

    Fodder: The fresh leaves are fed to cattle.

    Apiculture: The fragrant orange flowers attract pollinators.

    Timber: Sapwood white with a light yellow tinge becoming creamy yellow on exposure; not clearly differentiated from the heartwood. The wood has a density of 290-560 kg/cu m at 15% moisture content, a fine to medium texture; straight grain; low luster and has no characteristic odor or taste. It is easy to work with hand and machine tools, cuts cleanly, gives a very good surface and is easy to nail.The timber air dries rapidly with little or no degrade. Kadamb wood is very easy to preserve using either open tank or pressure-vacuum systems.

    The timber is used for plywood, light construction, pulp and paper, boxes and crates, dug-out canoes, and furniture components. Kadamb yields a pulp of satisfactory brightness and performance as a handsheet. The wood can be easily impregnated with synthetic resins to increase its density and compressive strength.

    Kadam is becoming one of the most frequently planted trees in the tropics.

    Tannin or dyestuff: A yellow dye can be obtained from the rooot bark.

    Essential oil: Kadam flowers are an important raw material in the production of ‘attar’, which are Indian perfumes with sandalwood (Santalum spp.) base in which one of the essences is absorbed through hydro-distillation.

    Poison: The flowers exhibit slight anti-implantation activity in test animals. Kadam extracts exhibit nematicidal effects on Meloidogyne incognita.

    Medicine: The dried bark is used to relieve fever and as a tonic. An extract of the leaves serves as a mouth gargle.

    The alkaloids cadamine and isocadamine are isolated from the leaves of kadam.

    Shade or shelter: The tree is grown along avenues, roadsides and villages for shade.

    Reclamation: A. kadamba is suitable for reforestation programmes.

    Soil improver: Sheds large amounts of leaf and non-leaf litter which on decomposition improve some physical and chemical properties of soil under its canopy. This reflects in increases in the level of soil organic carbon, cation exchange capacity, available plant nutrients and exchangeable bases.

    Ornamental: Kadam is suitable for ornamental use. Intercropping: Suitable for agroforestry practices.

    Kadam (Anthocephalus cadamba) is traditionally believed to bring happiness and prosperity. The blooms are apricot-colored spiny balls, suitable for transportation to another galaxy, and from what we read the scent of kadam can accomplish that.

    Surya narmada
    Horticulture/ Agriculture Arbitration Consultant, Chennai, India.

  4. #4

    Join Date
    Apr 2006

    Default Anthocephalus cadamba

    Dear Sir and Madam,
    Thanks a lot.
    May I please get the crop revenue?
    In how many years the plant will be commercially fit as timber?
    Should we promote its plantation?
    What should be the spacing?

  5. #5

    Join Date
    Aug 2005


    Dear friend

    Full cultivation details not available with me. If I get it certainly I will pass that information to you.

    Surya narmada
    Horticulture/ Agriculture Arbitration Consultant, Chennai, India.

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