I have not found growers in Rajasthan but in Delhi and Luckmow
Lucknow and kannauj
There is a single market in Lucknow. The major flowers traded in this market are roses (red rose used in garlands and pink rose petals used for the extraction of oil and in the manufacture of gulkand) and three varieties of jasmine, marigold and sunflower. The commission agents in Kannauj market deal only with pink rose petals supplied to the perfumes. The flowers supplied to this market are produced within a radius of 10km. Some of the producing areas supplying flowers to this market are Alamnagar, Mariyabad Road, Pataura, Narauna and Baravan. The major modes of transport used are cycles, tempos.
The only flower market in Delhi is situated in Fatehpuri near Chandni Chowk. The major flowers traded in this market are roses (red roses and rose petals), marigolds, jasmine and gladioli. The flowers come from producing areas around Delhi within a radius of 75 km. Some of these producing areas are Fatehpur Beri, Mehrauli, Farukha Nagar, Chattarpur, Ghaziabad, Faridabad, Gurgaon and Muradnagar.
What will be the normal income per acre of jasmine cultivation after taking out all the possible costs. What might be the variation in income range due to minimum and maximum possible market prices for jasmine.
The net profit is approximately around Rs 25000 per acre per year. This can be incresed still higher by reducing cost on labour by involving family members in the farming. This calculation is calculated for leased lands (Rs 12000/ acre) and farm gate price is Rs 18/ Kg of flowers.
I am waiting for Anbalgan's Jasmine to flower. 1.5 lakh plants is really massive. I guess this must be the biggest such farm for Jasmine...is that right Kirti, Surya? Please let us know the labour requirment, as this would be very usefull information to all.
jasmine starts flowering from 2 nd year after planting and the commercial yields commence from third year onwards. The Jasminum sambac varieties flower profusely in summer and also in rainy season (i.e March-August) while climbing types (Jatimalli) will flower throughout the year, with peak flowering in june - july.
The yield of flowers per hectare in 2500 - 3000 kg in sambac (i.e about 200 g/bush) and 3000 - 4000 kg/ha,in climber (Jatimalli i.e 200 - 250 g/vine).
Since the jasmine flowers are highly perishable and have to be disposed off in the market within few hours after picking.
A typical farm might have as much as 1 acre and as little as a quarter acre of Jasmin grandiflorum(Jasmin sambac is grown to a small extent but the bulk of the sambac comes from Madurai) One acre of land holds approximately 800-900 plants depending on the spacing. During the height of the season one plant can yield as much as 350 grams(12.5 ounces) of flowers per day. A yield of 2000 kilos(4400 lbs) of flowers per year can be gathered from an acre of land if it is well tended. One person can gather 1 kilo(2.2 lbs.) of flowers in a 2 hour period. It means that an experienced collector is able to pick over 80 individual flowers per minute or 5,000 per hour. Only when we clearly understand the labor intensive nature of their work can we do our part to use their precious products in the best possilbe way. If we fail to grasp the importance of supporting the work of the farming community by paying them fair prices, then the day will certainly come when these lovely essential oils and absolutes will no longer be available. prices of jasmine are beginning to rise in India because the Indian ruppee continues to be devalued against the US $. The people of the farming community do lead simple lives but they need a certain amount of cash to maintain that lifestyle. If they cannot receive a fair price for their floral products they will, of necessity, have to turn that land over to the cultivation of fruits, vegetables, grains and legumes because those are consumable crops.
Today in Kisan Krishi Deepam, I saw a repeat telecast of the cooperatives at Paravoor in Kerala. School going children help to pluck the flowers in the morning. These are packed an despatched from the Cochin (Nedumbassery) International airport the same day.
Thus plucking the Jasmine flowers should not be considered as a drawback but as a boon for engaging sections of our society.