DEAR DRUMSTICK FARMERS,
Here is technical matter for follow up of drumstick cultivation
Temperature -25- 30 degree celcius but can tolerate up to 48 degree celsius in the shade
soil - well drained sandy loam soil with soil pH -6.3 to 7.0
seed rate -500 grams
seedlings preparation- use 200 guage polythene bag-mix top soil and sand 3:1 ratio , mix little bit of super phosphate and compost , fill the bag
seed treatment- soak the seeds overnight in water, remove outer seed coat, remove the kernal and plant it 1 cm deep in each polythene bag.Germination will be noticed in 5-12 days
when seedlings are 60-90 cm height it is ready for transplanting in the main field
Planting in the main field - make 1-2 feet size pit based on the type of soil.mix top soil with 5 kgs of farmyard manure or compost and little neem cake . If possible apply azospirillum and phosphobacteria 20 grams each pit.
spacing of plants- 3 meter between rows and 2 meter between plants
Direction of planting - east west direction ensure proper sun light and aeration
Plant population per acre- 666 plants
Pruning and coopicing- when plant reaches 60 -90 cm height, pinch the tip 10 cm below the tip. About a week later several side branches will sprout and develop. When side branch reaches 60 cm long again cut it back to 30 cm long. And again do repeat it in subsequent sprouting and do 4 pinching within 3 months after planting in the main field.
Because by doing this it will induce profuse branching and more branches will give more pods/ fruits and tree size will also be manageable height.
Watering - any excess water will cause root rot disease. so only limited soil moisture for first two months till it establish is necessary and there after irrigate as and when necessary based on your soil type and prevailing climate
weeding - field should be weed free for first 5 months. so monthly weeding is advisable
If you want to get more yield better apply 5-7 kgs of Farmyard manure and 250- 300 grams of ammonium sulphate/tree. This will increase pod size and numbers.
If possible you can even apply CHINESE HUMIC ACID WHICH FAVOURS DRUMSTICK plants growth and developments and more yield
Disease - root rot -avoid excess moisture
Pest- leaf eating caterpillar,termite, bud worm, aphid , leaf miner and fruit fly.
Yield - Minimum 250 -300 fruits will be born out of single tree
so for about 666 plants * 250 fruits = 1,66,500 fruits per acre- even if you take single fruit weight on an average as 100 grams-you will get about 16-17 metric ton of fruit per acre
gross income - 1,66,50kgs @ Rs.10 per kg= Rs.1,66,500
Allow 10 % risk then gross income will be around Rs.1.50 lac
Cost of cultivation per acre- Rs.25,000
Net income per acre per year is Rs.1.25 lac
Note- chinese humic acid plays good role in drumstick cultivation..
Mr.M.CHANDRAMOHAN, BBA,MMM,( Ph.D )
FOUNDER CHAIRMAN , CARNAY GROUP OF COMPANIES
MANAGING TRUSTEE, SOME FOUNDATION ( herbal way of living...)