Shall highly appreciate help regarding source for database on FLORICULTURE In India:
1.Flowerwise/statewise acreage/production data.
We need to take certain decission regarding contract cultivation of high value flowers for export purpose.
With best regards
Last edited by Ritika; November 3rd, 2007 at 01:09 PM.
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I have data of year 2000-2001 related to floriculture statistics.please have a look.
state area prod.(loose flowers) cut flowers
Karnataka 20801 hac 124440 t -
Tamilnadu 18120 hac 142250 t -
Andhrapradesh 18087 hac 126609 t -
Westbengal 13227 hac 14644 t 568 million
Maharasthra 6660 hac 28336 t -
other state have less then 3000 hac area under floriculture.if u want particular state i can give u.
Export of flowers to european countries-
flower which are exported-rose,carnation,orchids,gladiolus,chrysantemum
important event in cut flower industry
jan 1,feb-14,march-30,may-1,nov-1, dec-25
major export market-1.usa,2.netherlands,3.japan,4.germany,5.UK,6.franc e
Thank you very much for the precise info.In fact very recently I could also get certain info. from National Horticultural board website.
Could you please let me know if you have any database for certain important floers: their acreage;production etc in India:
Awaiting your reply pls.
In case of cut flowers rose is having maximum area.And in case of loose flowers jasmine has maximum area.I will try to send u statistics very soon.if u want that which crop is grown commercially in which state ,i can send u information.
Five species of Capsicum are under cultivation, through number of wild species have been identified recently. In India, only two species viz. Capsicum annum and Capsicum frutescens are known and most of the cultivated varieties belong to the species Capsicum annum.
A greenhouse production system of peppers greatly differs from the traditional field pepper cultivation system where plants are grown on polyethylene-mulched beds and with drip irrigation. In greenhouses, high fruit yield and quality are produced in a small area during an extended growing season. Moreover, soil sterilization is not needed, and water and nutrients that drain from the bottom of the plant containers can be recycled. The enclosed environment also makes the use of biological control practices for pest management more effective than in open fields, actually allowing the production of fruits that are pesticide-free.
Marketable fruit yields will vary with greenhouse location, growing season, plant density, trellis system, cultivar, irrigation, and fertilizer management. Current marketable yields of 1.6 to 3.0 lb. per square ft. and potential yields of 4 lb. per square ft. can be obtained in Florida in passively ventilated greenhouses with low use of heating fuel. “However, because of the higher costs involved with greenhouse growing systems compared to growing in the open field, greenhouse growers have to manage their crops to maximize fruit yield and quality while minimizing production costs per unit of greenhouse floor area
Sweet pepper cultivars most commonly used in greenhouse production are hybrids that have bell-shaped or blocky-type fruits with red, orange, or yellow color when mature. “Cultivars should be selected for a grower’s ability to market them, as well as pest and disease resistance or tolerance, low susceptibility to fruit disorders, and yield and quality performance,” says Jovicich. Some of the commonly used cultivars are Parker, Triple 4, Cubico, and Lorca for red, Kelvin for yellow, and Neibla and Emily for orange fruits. However, new pepper cultivars for greenhouse production are introduced by seed companies every year.
In a pepper cultivar trial conducted in a passively ventilated greenhouse in Gainesville, Florida, the total marketable yield was acceptable for 23 cultivars tested when grown and harvested during the winter months. The red and yellow cultivars produced fruit yields of 1.8 to 2.2 lb. per square ft. and the orange cultivars had yields of 1.4 to 2 lb. per square ft. When comparing cultivars for those with the highest yield and fruit quality characteristics with low amounts of culls or other disorders, the best red cultivars in the study were Lorca, Torkal, Triple 4, and Zambra; yellow cultivars were Pekin, Kelvin, Neibla, Bossanova, and Taranto; and orange cultivars were Paramo, Lion, and Boogie.
The most common greenhouse pepper production season extends from mid-July or early August to May. Long crops of up to 300 days are transplanted during the second or third week of July with a first harvest around the middle of October, ending in late May. Depending on fruit prices and on the quantity and quality of the fruits harvested, production may be extended until June.
High temperatures and humidity during July and August adversely affect production but are good for young plant growth. With some cultivars, percentages of unmarketable fruits increase during the late spring mainly due to a higher incidence of blossom-end rot and fruit cracking. Fruit set can also be low during the summer due to high rates of flower abortion under high temperatures. Air ventilation and shade materials for 30% shade help reduce high temperatures during the late spring, summer, and early fall. Currently, water misting is being evaluated as a cooling system for plants transplanted in the summer. Cold weather during winter can also adversely affect the set of marketable fruits due to poor pollination and delay maturation and earliness in production. “In central and northern Florida, optimum daytime temperatures required for pepper production can easily be achieved in winter while optimum night temperatures cannot, and therefore, heating during the night is necessary to increase fruit yield and improve fruit quality,
I can give one information regarding carnation area in ooty
In ooty the area of carnation under polyhouses has touched 15 acres and 2460 Sq.m ( 90% Accuracy) in 2007 year end .
I can give you this data being a Technical Manager in Elkhill Agrotech Pvt Ltd, ooty with 1.75 Hectares ( 4 Acres) of carnation in polyhouse and we are proud to say that we are the only farm having more than 3 acres in ooty at present owned by Savera Industries Ltd - Chennai