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Thread: Inter-cropping can change the farmer income .......

  1. #1 Inter-cropping can change the farmer income ....... 

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    Intercropping: Growing of two or more crops simultaneously on the same piece of land (field). There is a crop intensification in both time and space dimensions. There is intercrop competition during all or part of crop growth.

    Type of intercropping:
    1. Mixed intercropping
    2. Row intercropping
    2. Strip intercropping
    4. Relay intercropping

    Definitions of Intercropping system:
    1. Mixed Intercropping: Growing two or more crops simultaneously with no district row arrangement.
    2. Row Intercropping: Growing two or more crops simultaneously where one or more crops are planted in rows.
    3. Strip Intercropping: Growing soil conserving and soil depleting crops in alternate strips running perpendicular to the slope of the land or to the direction of prevailing winds for the purpose of reducing errosion.
    4. Relay Intercropping: Seeding planting two or more succeeding crops after flowering and before the harvest of the standing crop.

    Advantages:
    1. Intercropping gives higher income per unit area than sole cropping.
    2. It acts as an insurance against failure of crop in abnormal year.
    3. Intercrops maintain soil fertility as the nutrient uptake is made from both layers.
    4. Reduce soil runoff.
    Limitations: Intercropping system is uneconomical and undesirable during rabi.
    Crops to be considered for intercropping.
    A) Kharif crops:
    1. Medium black soils:
    a) Pearl millet + Red gram 2: 1
    b) Pearl millet + Horse gram / Kidney bean / cow pea Inter row of pearl millet.
    3. Soils up to 20 cm depth
    a) Pearl millet + red gram (30 - 60 - 30 cm)
    B) Rabi crops:
    Safflower + Gram (2: 1)
    D) Fodder for milch animals: Sorghum bajara + Cowpea or horse gram or kidney bean.

    In rained areas of Maharashtra:
    1. Sorghum / pearl millet / cotton + red gram / black gram or kidney bean or cowpea or groundnut.
    2. Groundnut + Sunflower.
    Cotton + soybean, cotton + Black gram
    Safflower + gram

    How intercropping economizes water use:
    Selection of intercrop is one the basis of duration of crop and growth rethyms. The short duration crop gets harvested and long duration crop gets the benefits of September showers and produces more yields. E.g. Pearl millet + red grams.
    LER: It is observed that under the rainfall situation deviating from 2090 to 50 percent, the intercropping system of bajara + red gram is more stable as cowpea to the pure crops tried. On an average, the land equivalent ratio (LER) comes to 77 percent compared to pure crop.




    Thanks & Regards:

    Rakesh Kumar
    Agripreneur
    Vill. Bishanpur,
    Gadarpur,
    Udham Singh Nagar
    Uttarakhand
    rakesh.gbpuat@gmail.com
    08605679590
    Attached Thumbnails Attached Thumbnails Inter-cropping can change the farmer income .......-intercropping-wheat.jpg  
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  2. #2 Tips for Intercropping 

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    There are few thumbrules.
    1. The two crops should not have the same pest problems (like Tomatoes, Brinjals, Okra are effected by same fruit borer),
    2. The nutrient need of two crops should not be same or they should extract nutrients from different layers of soil (sallow & deep root crop),
    3. If one crop is tuber (Potato, Onion) other should be fruit bearing (Tomato, Brinjal).
    4. its better to have a row of crops which acts as pest repellent like Garlic, Marigold, Onion etc.

    As told by -
    Mr. Adarsh Singh
    Adarsh Organics
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  3. #3  

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    Dear Mr. Rakesh,

    Why do you think - intercropping can change farmer’s income’ ?

    Regards,
    Shweta - Editorial Team
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  4. #4  

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    Dear Shweta,

    There is no doubt. i had experience the same thing in my field wherein i had cultivate Wheat + Mentha oil as relay cropping and Mentha oil + Cucumber and got additional crop of Mentha oil(Rs.35000/acre) and cucumber(R.40,000/acre extra).
    and there are many example for the same.
    Last edited by rakesh777; February 20th, 2013 at 03:35 PM.
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  5. #5 Capsicum + maize intercropping under open condition 

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    Alternative to Shade net House for Summer crop under Open Cultivation.

    A B S T R A C T
    The experiment regarding the studies on growth and flowering characteristics of capsicum in maize based intercropping system consisting of eight treatments viz capsicum in flat bed without maize (T1), single row of capsicum with single row of maize (1:1) in flat bed (T2), double row of capsicum with single row of maize (2:1) in flat bed (T3), triple row of capsicum with single row of maize (3:1) in flat bed (T4), capsicum in ridge bed without maize (T5), single row of capsicum with single row of maize (1:1) in ridge bed (T6), double row of capsicum with single row of maize (2:1) in ridge bed (T7), triple row of capsicum with single row of maize (3:1) in ridge bed (T8) with 3 replications in randomized block design was conducted at Vegetable Research Centre, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar during spring summer season of 2008. Treatment T6 i e planting of single row of capsicum with single row of maize (1:1) in ridge bed gave the best results on the growth characteristics viz plant height (40.18cm), plant diameter (13.08mm), chlorophyll content of leaves (1187.05μg g-1 FW) and days of initiation of 50 per cent flowering (57.33).



    Thanks & Regards:

    Rakesh Kumar
    Agripreneur
    Vill. Bishanpur,
    Gadarpur,
    Udham Singh Nagar
    Uttarakhand
    rakesh.gbpuat@gmail.com
    08605679590
    MERE DHESH KI DHARTI SONA OOGLE.........
    Last edited by rakesh777; February 23rd, 2013 at 01:57 PM.
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  6. #6 good information - thanks giving 

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    Quote Originally Posted by rakesh777 View Post
    Alternative to Shade net House for Summer crop under Open Cultivation.

    A B S T R A C T
    The experiment regarding the studies on growth and flowering characteristics of capsicum in maize based intercropping system consisting of eight treatments viz capsicum in flat bed without maize (T1), single row of capsicum with single row of maize (1:1) in flat bed (T2), double row of capsicum with single row of maize (2:1) in flat bed (T3), triple row of capsicum with single row of maize (3:1) in flat bed (T4), capsicum in ridge bed without maize (T5), single row of capsicum with single row of maize (1:1) in ridge bed (T6), double row of capsicum with single row of maize (2:1) in ridge bed (T7), triple row of capsicum with single row of maize (3:1) in ridge bed (T8) with 3 replications in randomized block design was conducted at Vegetable Research Centre, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar during spring summer season of 2008. Treatment T6 i e planting of single row of capsicum with single row of maize (1:1) in ridge bed gave the best results on the growth characteristics viz plant height (40.18cm), plant diameter (13.08mm), chlorophyll content of leaves (1187.05μg g-1 FW) and days of initiation of 50 per cent flowering (57.33).
    Dear sir,very good information and i want to appreciate for this info. The universities should work like this and the news should be brought to light like this. thanks once again.
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  7. #7  

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    Dear Rao,
    Thanks for the appreciation!
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  8. #8  

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    Crop matrix means providing suitable spacing between samplings and doing intercropping in such a way that water and nutrient supplied to the soil is absorbed to a maximum extent.

    For e.g.

    Case 1. A farmer intends to go for coconut plantation since he has found it suitable to his area of operation. Normally he intends to take care of the main plantation since it is his main object.

    Normally if he does not have additional irrigation facilities and is dependent on rainfall only, then conventionally during the rainy season he sows a dicot, or jowar, in between or totally leave unused. It is advisable to always go for a crop in between so that even if the crop fails in yield it will get some green which can be cultivated back into the soil.

    Case2.
    Now a similar farmer if having a bore well with small yield of water can go in for vegetable with two to three feet gap, or banana with 8ft gap. Now no separate irrigation needs to be done for coconut and quantum of water used is effectively used in the entire interspacing.

    This is even more economical if already coconut tree is in the yielding stage, so that root spread comfortably reaches the interspace and absorption of water and nutrient will be better. By doing so it has been found that coconut yield improves significantly. Also if water is adequate for the land he holds, intercropping of vegetable between banana and papaya is possible to generate additional revenue.

    Similar crop combination like areca, banana, coco, drumstick, and papaya needs to be planned depending on soil nutrient structure, and water availability, min and max temp etc.

    If annual crops like mango, sapota, etc. are planned then intercropping of melia dubia as an intercrop has been found advantageous. By the time mango and sapota come to yielding stage melia dubia would have come to harvesting stage, which yield back major capital expenditure incurred. Even castor in between melia dubia yields one to two crops within couple of years.

    Overall, whether existing or new plantation is to be made suitable crop matrix and intercrop will benefit both main crop as well as improves soil structure. Type of crops depends on the area as well as prevailing practices.

    Advantages of Intercropping
    Provides a source of additional income, takes care of addition income in case of fall in prices of the main crop, improves nutrient fixing and provides source for natural fertilizer. Integrated farming helps in optimizing the use of agri machinery and reducing transporting and marketing costs.

    As told by-
    Suresh Babu Bellur from Switch Craft India
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  9. #9 Intercropping 

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    Quote Originally Posted by editorialteam View Post
    Crop matrix means providing suitable spacing between samplings and doing intercropping in such a way that water and nutrient supplied to the soil is absorbed to a maximum extent.

    For e.g.

    Case 1. A farmer intends to go for coconut plantation since he has found it suitable to his area of operation. Normally he intends to take care of the main plantation since it is his main object.

    Normally if he does not have additional irrigation facilities and is dependent on rainfall only, then conventionally during the rainy season he sows a dicot, or jowar, in between or totally leave unused. It is advisable to always go for a crop in between so that even if the crop fails in yield it will get some green which can be cultivated back into the soil.

    Case2.
    Now a similar farmer if having a bore well with small yield of water can go in for vegetable with two to three feet gap, or banana with 8ft gap. Now no separate irrigation needs to be done for coconut and quantum of water used is effectively used in the entire interspacing.

    This is even more economical if already coconut tree is in the yielding stage, so that root spread comfortably reaches the interspace and absorption of water and nutrient will be better. By doing so it has been found that coconut yield improves significantly. Also if water is adequate for the land he holds, intercropping of vegetable between banana and papaya is possible to generate additional revenue.

    Similar crop combination like areca, banana, coco, drumstick, and papaya needs to be planned depending on soil nutrient structure, and water availability, min and max temp etc.

    If annual crops like mango, sapota, etc. are planned then intercropping of melia dubia as an intercrop has been found advantageous. By the time mango and sapota come to yielding stage melia dubia would have come to harvesting stage, which yield back major capital expenditure incurred. Even castor in between melia dubia yields one to two crops within couple of years.

    Overall, whether existing or new plantation is to be made suitable crop matrix and intercrop will benefit both main crop as well as improves soil structure. Type of crops depends on the area as well as prevailing practices.

    Advantages of Intercropping
    Provides a source of additional income, takes care of addition income in case of fall in prices of the main crop, improves nutrient fixing and provides source for natural fertilizer. Integrated farming helps in optimizing the use of agri machinery and reducing transporting and marketing costs.

    As told by-
    Suresh Babu Bellur from Switch Craft India
    Before deciding on intercropping, one should consider the allelopathic effect of the crops considered.

    What is allelopathy ? Check this out : HS944/HS186: Allelopathy: How Plants Suppress Other Plants
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  10. #10  

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    Quote Originally Posted by editorialteam View Post
    Dear Mr. Rakesh,

    Why do you think - intercropping can change farmer’s income’ ?

    Regards,
    Shweta - Editorial Team

    Suppose in Horticultural crop like Mango, citrus and other crops for up to five years, pulses and ground nut, vegetables etc. can be grown as intercrops for getting additional income. In fruit crops like banana, turmeric and ginger can be grown as intercrops.

    As told by-
    Mr. Gogulamanda Ananadara Rao , Consultant
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